Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,600 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 October 2020) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 3MB, 209 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



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Author Title Type [ Year(Desc)]
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K. Bhaskaran, Douglas, I., Evans, S., Van Staa, T., and Smeeth, L., Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer: cohort study among people receiving antihypertensive drugs in UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 344, p. e2697, 2012.
I. J. Douglas, Evans, S. J., Hingorani, A. D., Grosso, A. M., Timmis, A., Hemingway, H., and Smeeth, L., Clopidogrel and interaction with proton pump inhibitors: comparison between cohort and within person study designs, Bmj, vol. 345, p. e4388, 2012.
S. C. Denaxas, George, J., Herrett, E., Shah, A. D., Kalra, D., Hingorani, A. D., Kivimaki, M., Timmis, A. D., Smeeth, L., and Hemingway, H., Data resource profile: cardiovascular disease research using linked bespoke studies and electronic health records (CALIBER), Int J Epidemiol, vol. 41, pp. 1625-38, 2012.
C. Warren-Gash, Hayward, A. C., Hemingway, H., Denaxas, S., Thomas, S. L., Timmis, A. D., Whitaker, H., and Smeeth, L., Influenza infection and risk of acute myocardial infarction in England and Wales: a CALIBER self-controlled case series study, J Infect Dis, vol. 206, pp. 1652-9, 2012.
T. P. Staa, Goldacre, B., Gulliford, M., Cassell, J., Pirmohamed, M., Taweel, A., Delaney, B., and Smeeth, L., Pragmatic randomised trials using routine electronic health records: putting them to the test, Bmj, vol. 344, p. e55, 2012.
H. J. Forbes, Thomas, S. L., Smeeth, L., and Langan, S. M., Prescription of antiviral therapy after herpes zoster in general practice: who receives therapy?, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 62, pp. e808-14, 2012.
C. Minassian, Thomas, S. L., Williams, D. J., Campbell, O., and Smeeth, L., Acute maternal infection and risk of pre-eclampsia: a population-based case-control study, PLoS One, vol. 8, p. e73047, 2013.
A. Skow, Douglas, I., and Smeeth, L., The association between Parkinson's disease and anti-epilepsy drug carbamazepine: a case-control study using the UK General Practice Research Database, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 76, pp. 816-22, 2013.
E. Herrett, Shah, A. D., Boggon, R., Denaxas, S., Smeeth, L., Van Staa, T., Timmis, A., and Hemingway, H., Completeness and diagnostic validity of recording acute myocardial infarction events in primary care, hospital care, disease registry, and national mortality records: cohort study, Bmj, vol. 346, p. f2350, 2013.
J. K. Quint, Herrett, E., Bhaskaran, K., Timmis, A., Hemingway, H., Wedzicha, J. A., and Smeeth, L., Effect of beta blockers on mortality after myocardial infarction in adults with COPD: population based cohort study of UK electronic healthcare records, Bmj, vol. 347, p. f6650, 2013.
T. P. van Staa, Smeeth, L., Ng, E. S., Goldacre, B., and Gulliford, M., The efficiency of cardiovascular risk assessment: do the right patients get statin treatment?, Heart, vol. 99, pp. 1597-602, 2013.
E. R. Millett, Quint, J. K., Smeeth, L., Daniel, R. M., and Thomas, S. L., Incidence of community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections and pneumonia among older adults in the United Kingdom: a population-based study, PLoS One, vol. 8, p. e75131, 2013.
I. Douglas, Evans, S., Rawlins, M. D., Smeeth, L., Tabrizi, S. J., and Wexler, N. S., Juvenile Huntington's disease: a population-based study using the General Practice Research Database, BMJ Open, vol. 3, 2013.
I. J. Douglas, Langham, J., Bhaskaran, K., Brauer, R., and Smeeth, L., Orlistat and the risk of acute liver injury: self controlled case series study in UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Bmj, vol. 346, p. f1936, 2013.
S. J. Evans, Douglas, I., Rawlins, M. D., Wexler, N. S., Tabrizi, S. J., and Smeeth, L., Prevalence of adult Huntington's disease in the UK based on diagnoses recorded in general practice records, J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, vol. 84, pp. 1156-60, 2013.
K. Bhaskaran, Forbes, H. J., Douglas, I., Leon, D. A., and Smeeth, L., Representativeness and optimal use of body mass index (BMI) in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), BMJ Open, vol. 3, p. e003389, 2013.
E. Herrett, George, J., Denaxas, S., Bhaskaran, K., Timmis, A., Hemingway, H., and Smeeth, L., Type and timing of heralding in ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction: an analysis of prospectively collected electronic healthcare records linked to the national registry of acute coronary syndromes, Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care, vol. 2, pp. 235-45, 2013.
R. Boggon, Hubbard, R., Smeeth, L., Gulliford, M., Cassell, J., Eaton, S., Pirmohamed, M., and van Staa, T. P., Variability of antibiotic prescribing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations: a cohort study, BMC Pulm Med, vol. 13, p. 32, 2013.
[Page last reviewed 5 October 2020]