Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,200 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 August 2019) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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Author [ Title(Desc)] Type Year
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A
D. Nitsch, Douglas, I., Smeeth, L., and Fletcher, A., Age-related macular degeneration and complement activation-related diseases: a population-based case-control study, Ophthalmology, vol. 115, pp. 1904-10, 2008.
H. Wallace, Shorvon, S., and Tallis, R., Age-specific incidence and prevalence rates of treated epilepsy in an unselected population of 2,052,922 and age-specific fertility rates of women with epilepsy, Lancet, vol. 352, pp. 1970-3, 1998.
J. D. Lewis and Brensinger, C., Agreement between GPRD smoking data: a survey of general practitioners and a population-based survey, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 13, pp. 437-41, 2004.
R. Jones, Charlton, J., Latinovic, R., and Gulliford, M. C., Alarm symptoms and identification of non-cancer diagnoses in primary care: cohort study, Bmj, vol. 339, p. b3094, 2009.
R. Jones, Latinovic, R., Charlton, J., and Gulliford, M. C., Alarm symptoms in early diagnosis of cancer in primary care: cohort study using General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 334, p. 1040, 2007.
D. Stewart, Han, L., Doran, T., and McCambridge, J., Alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality: an analysis of general practice database records for patients with long-term conditions, J Epidemiol Community Health, vol. 71, pp. 729-735, 2017.
R. Parisi, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., Moriarty, K. J., Kleyn, C. E., Griffiths, C. E. M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Alcohol-Related Mortality in Patients With Psoriasis: A Population-Based Cohort Study, JAMA Dermatol, vol. 153, pp. 1256-1262, 2017.
A. D. Shah and Martinez, C., An algorithm to derive a numerical daily dose from unstructured text dosage instructions, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 15, pp. 161-6, 2006.
B. Cai, Xu, W., Bortnichak, E., and Watson, D. J., An algorithm to identify medical practices common to both the General Practice Research Database and The Health Improvement Network database, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 21, pp. 770-774, 2012.
S. Muller, Hider, S. L., Raza, K., Stack, R. J., Hayward, R. A., and Mallen, C. D., An algorithm to identify rheumatoid arthritis in primary care: a Clinical Practice Research Datalink study, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e009309, 2015.
S. de Lusignan, Liaw, S. T., Dedman, D., Khunti, K., Sadek, K., and Jones, S., An algorithm to improve diagnostic accuracy in diabetes in computerised problem orientated medical records (POMR) compared with an established algorithm developed in episode orientated records (EOMR), J Innov Health Inform, vol. 22, pp. 255-64, 2015.
S. V. Eastwood, Mathur, R., Atkinson, M., Brophy, S., Sudlow, C., Flaig, R., de Lusignan, S., Allen, N., and Chaturvedi, N., Algorithms for the Capture and Adjudication of Prevalent and Incident Diabetes in UK Biobank, PLoS One, vol. 11, p. e0162388, 2016.
K. S. Taylor, Heneghan, C. J., Farmer, A. J., Fuller, A. M., Adler, A. I., Aronson, J. K., and Stevens, R. J., All-cause and cardiovascular mortality in middle-aged people with type 2 diabetes compared with people without diabetes in a large U.K. primary care database, Diabetes Care, vol. 36, pp. 2366-71, 2013.
D. J. Watson, Rhodes, T., and Guess, H. A., All-cause mortality and vascular events among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or no arthritis in the UK General Practice Research Database, J Rheumatol, vol. 30, pp. 1196-202, 2003.
K. M. Fleming, Aithal, G. P., Card, T. R., and West, J., All-cause mortality in people with cirrhosis compared with the general population: a population-based cohort study, Liver Int, vol. 32, pp. 79-84, 2012.
S. S. Soedamah-Muthu, Fuller, J. H., Mulnier, H. E., Raleigh, V. S., Lawrenson, R. A., and Colhoun, H. M., All-cause mortality rates in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus compared with a non-diabetic population from the UK general practice research database, 1992-1999, Diabetologia, vol. 49, pp. 660-6, 2006.
A. Alonso, Jick, S. S., and Hernan, M. A., Allergy, histamine 1 receptor blockers, and the risk of multiple sclerosis, Neurology, vol. 66, pp. 572-5, 2006.
C. J. Beattie, Fulton, R. L., Higgins, P., Padmanabhan, S., McCallum, L., Walters, M. R., Dominiczak, A. F., Touyz, R. M., and Dawson, J., Allopurinol initiation and change in blood pressure in older adults with hypertension, Hypertension, vol. 64, pp. 1102-7, 2014.
F. Lapi, Azoulay, L., Niazi, M. T., Yin, H., Benayoun, S., and Suissa, S., Androgen deprivation therapy and risk of acute kidney injury in patients with prostate cancer, Jama, vol. 310, pp. 289-96, 2013.
A. J. Klil-Drori, Tascilar, K., Yin, H., Aprikian, A., Bitton, A., and Azoulay, L., Androgen Deprivation Therapy and the Incidence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Patients With Prostate Cancer, Am J Epidemiol, vol. 184, pp. 15-22, 2016.
B. M. Hicks, Klil-Drori, A. J., Yin, H., Campeau, L., and Azoulay, L., Androgen Deprivation Therapy and the Risk of Anemia in Men with Prostate Cancer, Epidemiology, vol. 28, pp. 712-718, 2017.
J. Assayag, Yin, H., Benayoun, S., Pollak, M. N., Suissa, S., and Azoulay, L., Androgen deprivation therapy and the risk of colorectal cancer in patients with prostate cancer, Cancer Causes Control, vol. 24, pp. 839-45, 2013.
E. Martin-Merino, Johansson, S., Morris, T., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Androgen deprivation therapy and the risk of coronary heart disease and heart failure in patients with prostate cancer: a nested case-control study in UK primary care, Drug Saf, vol. 34, pp. 1061-77, 2011.
F. Khosrow-Khavar, Rej, S., Yin, H., Aprikian, A., and Azoulay, L., Androgen Deprivation Therapy and the Risk of Dementia in Patients With Prostate Cancer, J Clin Oncol, vol. 35, pp. 201-207, 2017.
B. M. Hicks, Yin, H., Bladou, F., Ernst, P., and Azoulay, L., Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer and the risk of hospitalisation for community-acquired pneumonia, Thorax, vol. 72, pp. 596-597, 2017.
A. J. Klil-Drori, Santella, C., Tascilar, K., Yin, H., Aprikian, A., and Azoulay, L., Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer and the Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Population-Based Cohort Study, Drug Saf, 2019.
A. J. Klil-Drori, Yin, H., Tagalakis, V., Aprikian, A., and Azoulay, L., Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer and the Risk of Venous Thromboembolism, Eur Urol, vol. 70, pp. 56-61, 2016.
L. Azoulay, Yin, H., Benayoun, S., Renoux, C., Boivin, J. F., and Suissa, S., Androgen-deprivation therapy and the risk of stroke in patients with prostate cancer, Eur Urol, vol. 60, pp. 1244-50, 2011.
A. J. Walker, West, J., Grainge, M. J., and Card, T. R., Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and hepatocellular carcinoma incidence in the General Practice Research Database, Cancer Causes Control, vol. 22, pp. 1743-7, 2011.
B. M. Hicks, Filion, K. B., Yin, H., Sakr, L., Udell, J. A., and Azoulay, L., Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and risk of lung cancer: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 363, p. k4209, 2018.
J. Busby, McMenamin, U., Spence, A., Johnston, B. T., Hughes, C., and Cardwell, C. R., Angiotensin receptor blocker use and gastro-oesophageal cancer survival: a population-based cohort study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 47, pp. 279-288, 2018.
K. Bhaskaran, Douglas, I., Evans, S., Van Staa, T., and Smeeth, L., Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer: cohort study among people receiving antihypertensive drugs in UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 344, p. e2697, 2012.
K. L. Goh, Bhaskaran, K., Minassian, C., Evans, S. J., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I. J., Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of dementia: cohort study in UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 79, pp. 337-50, 2015.
G. A. Makar, Holmes, J. H., and Yang, Y. X., Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy and colorectal cancer risk, J Natl Cancer Inst, vol. 106, p. djt374, 2014.
E. M. van de Garde, Souverein, P. C., Hak, E., Deneer, V. H., van den Bosch, J. M., and Leufkens, H. G., Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use and protection against pneumonia in patients with diabetes, J Hypertens, vol. 25, pp. 235-9, 2007.
C. R. Meier, Derby, L. E., Jick, S. S., and Jick, H., Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and breast cancer, Arch Intern Med, vol. 160, pp. 349-53, 2000.
R. Hubbard, Venn, A., Lewis, S., and Britton, J., Anitdepressant exposure and risk of Cryptogenic Fibrosing Alveolitis (CFA): A case-control study using the General Practice Research Database (GPRD), vol. 53, p. A11, 1998.
I. Essers, Stolwijk, C., Boonen, A., De Bruin, M. L., Bazelier, M. T., de Vries, F., and van Tubergen, A., Ankylosing spondylitis and risk of ischaemic heart disease: a population-based cohort study, Ann Rheum Dis, vol. 75, pp. 203-9, 2016.
V. Schneider-Lindner, Quach, C., Hanley, J. A., and Suissa, S., Antibacterial drugs and the risk of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in children, Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, vol. 165, pp. 1107-14, 2011.
I. Petersen and Hayward, A. C., Antibacterial prescribing in primary care, J Antimicrob Chemother, vol. 60 Suppl 1, pp. i43-47, 2007.
R. A. Lawrenson and Logie, J. W., Antibiotic failure in the treatment of urinary tract infections in young women, J Antimicrob Chemother, vol. 48, pp. 895-901, 2001.
M. Gharbi, Drysdale, J. H., Lishman, H., Goudie, R., Molokhia, M., Johnson, A. P., Holmes, A. H., and Aylin, P., Antibiotic management of urinary tract infection in elderly patients in primary care and its association with bloodstream infections and all cause mortality: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 364, p. l525, 2019.
C. C. Winchester, Macfarlane, T. V., Thomas, M., and Price, D., Antibiotic prescribing and outcomes of lower respiratory tract infection in UK primary care, Chest, vol. 135, pp. 1163-1172, 2009.
V. Palin, Molter, A., Belmonte, M., Ashcroft, D. M., White, A., Welfare, W., and Van Staa, T., Antibiotic prescribing for common infections in UK general practice: variability and drivers, J Antimicrob Chemother, 2019.
N. S. Nagra, Robinson, D. E., Douglas, I., Delmestri, A., Dakin, S. G., Snelling, S. J. B., Carr, A. J., and Prieto-Alhambra, D., Antibiotic treatment and flares of rheumatoid arthritis: a self-controlled case series study analysis using CPRD GOLD, Sci Rep, vol. 9, p. 8941, 2019.
C. J. Currie, Berni, E., Jenkins-Jones, S., Poole, C. D., Ouwens, M., Driessen, S., de Voogd, H., Butler, C. C., and Morgan, C. L., Antibiotic treatment failure in four common infections in UK primary care 1991-2012: longitudinal analysis, Bmj, vol. 349, p. g5493, 2014.
D. J. Margolis, Bowe, W. P., Hoffstad, O., and Berlin, J. A., Antibiotic treatment of acne may be associated with upper respiratory tract infections, Arch Dermatol, vol. 141, pp. 1132-6, 2005.
A. Alonso, Jick, S. S., Jick, H., and Hernan, M. A., Antibiotic use and risk of multiple sclerosis, Am J Epidemiol, vol. 163, pp. 997-1002, 2006.
T. Card, Logan, R. F., Rodrigues, L. C., and Wheeler, J. G., Antibiotic use and the development of Crohn's disease, Gut, vol. 53, pp. 246-50, 2004.
F. N. Aberra, Brensinger, C. M., Bilker, W. B., Lichtenstein, G. R., and Lewis, J. D., Antibiotic use and the risk of flare of inflammatory bowel disease, Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, vol. 3, pp. 459-65, 2005.
[Page last reviewed 5 August 2019]