Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,200 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 August 2019) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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E. Berni, Butler, C. C., Jenkins-Jones, S., de Voogd, H., Ouwens, M., Morgan, C. L., and Currie, C. J., Comparative estimated effectiveness of antibiotic classes as initial and secondary treatments of respiratory tract infections: longitudinal analysis of routine data from UK primary care 1991-2012, Curr Med Res Opin, vol. 32, pp. 1023-32, 2016.
E. Berni, Scott, L. A., Jenkins-Jones, S., de Voogd, H., Rocha, M. S., Butler, C. C., Morgan, C. L., and Currie, C. J., Non-Response to Antibiotic Treatment in Adolescents for Four Common Infections in UK Primary Care 1991-2012: A Retrospective, Longitudinal Study, Antibiotics (Basel), vol. 5, 2016.
E. Berni, de Voogd, H., Halcox, J. P., Butler, C. C., Bannister, C. A., Jenkins-Jones, S., Jones, B., Ouwens, M., and Currie, C. J., Risk of cardiovascular events, arrhythmia and all-cause mortality associated with clarithromycin versus alternative antibiotics prescribed for respiratory tract infections: a retrospective cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e013398, 2017.
M. O. Bernier, Mikaeloff, Y., Hudson, M., and Suissa, S., Combined oral contraceptive use and the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus, Arthritis Rheum, vol. 61, pp. 476-81, 2009.
K. Bhaskaran, Douglas, I., Forbes, H., dos-Santos-Silva, I., Leon, D. A., and Smeeth, L., Body-mass index and risk of 22 specific cancers: a population-based cohort study of 5.24 million UK adults, Lancet, vol. 384, pp. 755-65, 2014.
K. Bhaskaran, Douglas, I., Evans, S., Van Staa, T., and Smeeth, L., Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer: cohort study among people receiving antihypertensive drugs in UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 344, p. e2697, 2012.
K. Bhaskaran, Forbes, H. J., Douglas, I., Leon, D. A., and Smeeth, L., Representativeness and optimal use of body mass index (BMI) in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), BMJ Open, vol. 3, p. e003389, 2013.
K. Bhaskaran, dos-Santos-Silva, I., Leon, D. A., Douglas, I. J., and Smeeth, L., Association of BMI with overall and cause-specific mortality: a population-based cohort study of 3.6 million adults in the UK, Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol, vol. 6, pp. 944-953, 2018.
N. Bhattarai, Charlton, J., Rudisill, C., and Gulliford, M. C., Coding, recording and incidence of different forms of coronary heart disease in primary care, PLoS One, vol. 7, p. e29776, 2012.
F. A. Bietry, Hug, B., Reich, O., Susan, J. S., and Meier, C. R., Iron supplementation in Switzerland - A bi-national, descriptive and observational study, Swiss Med Wkly, vol. 147, p. w14444, 2017.
J. Birks, Bankhead, C., Holt, T. A., Fuller, A., and Patnick, J., Evaluation of a prediction model for colorectal cancer: retrospective analysis of 2.5 million patient records, Cancer Med, vol. 6, pp. 2453-2460, 2017.
R. J. Black, Joseph, R. M., Brown, B., Movahedi, M., Lunt, M., and Dixon, W. G., Half of U.K. patients with rheumatoid arthritis are prescribed oral glucocorticoid therapy in primary care: a retrospective drug utilisation study, Arthritis Res Ther, vol. 17, p. 375, 2015.
C. Black and Jick, H., Etiology and frequency of rhabdomyolysis, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 1524-6, 2002.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., Clinical risk factors for venous thromboembolus in users of the combined oral contraceptive pill, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 53, pp. 637-40, 2002.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., Relation of childhood gastrointestinal disorders to autism: nested case-control study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 325, pp. 419-21, 2002.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., MMR vaccine and idiopathic thrombocytopaenic purpura, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 55, pp. 107-11, 2003.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., Cesarean delivery in the United Kingdom: time trends in the general practice research database, Obstet Gynecol, vol. 106, pp. 151-5, 2005.
S. C. Blackburn, Oliart, A. D., Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, and S. Gutthann, P., Antiepileptics and blood dyscrasias: a cohort study, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 18, pp. 1277-83, 1998.
M. Blagojevic-Bucknall, Mallen, C., Muller, S., Hayward, R., West, S., Choi, H., and Roddy, E., The risk of gout among patients with sleep apnea: a matched cohort study, Arthritis Rheumatol, 2018.
B. T. Blak, Rigney, U., Sternhufvud, C., Davis, J., and Hammar, N., Weight change and healthcare resource use in English patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus initiating a new diabetes medication class, Int J Clin Pract, vol. 70, pp. 45-55, 2016.
A. Ble, Masoli, J. A., Barry, H. E., Winder, R. E., Tavakoly, B., Henley, W. E., Kuchel, G. A., Valderas, J. M., Melzer, D., and Richards, S. H., Any versus long-term prescribing of high risk medications in older people using 2012 Beers Criteria: results from three cross-sectional samples of primary care records for 2003/4, 2007/8 and 2011/12, BMC Geriatr, vol. 15, p. 146, 2015.
A. Ble, Hughes, P. M., Delgado, J., Masoli, J. A., Bowman, K., Zirk-Sadowski, J., Mota, R. E. Mujica, Henley, W. E., and Melzer, D., Safety and Effectiveness of Statins for Prevention of Recurrent Myocardial Infarction in 12 156 Typical Older Patients: A Quasi-Experimental Study, J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, vol. 72, pp. 243-250, 2017.
M. Bloechliger, Reinau, D., Spoendlin, J., Chang, S. C., Kuhlbusch, K., Heaney, L. G., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Adverse events profile of oral corticosteroids among asthma patients in the UK: cohort study with a nested case-control analysis, Respir Res, vol. 19, p. 75, 2018.
M. Bloechliger, Ruegg, S., Jick, S. S., Meier, C. R., and Bodmer, M., Antipsychotic drug use and the risk of seizures: follow-up study with a nested case-control analysis, CNS Drugs, vol. 29, pp. 591-603, 2015.
M. Bloechliger, Schlagenhauf, P., Toovey, S., Schnetzler, G., Tatt, I., Tomianovic, D., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Malaria chemoprophylaxis regimens: a descriptive drug utilization study, Travel Med Infect Dis, vol. 12, pp. 718-25, 2014.
M. Bloechliger, Ceschi, A., Ruegg, S., Jick, S. S., Meier, C. R., and Bodmer, M., Lifestyle factors, psychiatric and neurologic comorbidities, and drug use associated with incident seizures among adult patients with depression: a population-based nested case-control study, Eur J Epidemiol, vol. 31, pp. 1113-1122, 2016.
M. Bloechliger, Ceschi, A., Ruegg, S., Kupferschmidt, H., Kraehenbuehl, S., Jick, S. S., Meier, C. R., and Bodmer, M., Risk of Seizures Associated with Antidepressant Use in Patients with Depressive Disorder: Follow-up Study with a Nested Case-Control Analysis Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Drug Saf, vol. 39, pp. 307-21, 2016.
C. I. Bloom, Nissen, F., Douglas, I. J., Smeeth, L., Cullinan, P., and Quint, J. K., Exacerbation risk and characterisation of the UK's asthma population from infants to old age, Thorax, vol. 73, pp. 313-320, 2018.
C. I. Bloom, Ricciardi, F., Smeeth, L., Stone, P., and Quint, J. K., Predicting COPD 1-year mortality using prognostic predictors routinely measured in primary care, BMC Med, vol. 17, p. 73, 2019.
W. A. Blumentals, Brown, R. R., and Gomez-Caminero, A., Antihypertensive treatment and erectile dysfunction in a cohort of type II diabetes patients, Int J Impot Res, vol. 15, pp. 314-7, 2003.
W. A. Blumentals, Nevitt, A., Peng, M. M., and Toovey, S., Body mass index and the incidence of influenza-associated pneumonia in a UK primary care cohort, Influenza Other Respir Viruses, vol. 6, pp. 28-36, 2012.
M. Bodmer, Brauchli, Y. B., Krahenbuhl, S., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Statin use and risk of gallstone disease followed by cholecystectomy, Jama, vol. 302, pp. 2001-7, 2009.
M. Bodmer, Meier, C., Krahenbuhl, S., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Long-term metformin use is associated with decreased risk of breast cancer, Diabetes Care, vol. 33, pp. 1304-8, 2010.
M. Bodmer, Becker, C., Meier, C., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Use of metformin and the risk of ovarian cancer: a case-control analysis, Gynecol Oncol, vol. 123, pp. 200-4, 2011.
M. Bodmer, Brauchli, Y. B., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Diabetes mellitus and the risk of cholecystectomy, Dig Liver Dis, vol. 43, pp. 742-7, 2011.
M. Bodmer, Becker, C., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Metformin does not alter the risk of lung cancer: a case-control analysis, Lung Cancer, vol. 78, pp. 133-7, 2012.
M. Bodmer, Becker, C., Meier, C., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Use of antidiabetic agents and the risk of pancreatic cancer: a case-control analysis, Am J Gastroenterol, vol. 107, pp. 620-6, 2012.
M. Bodmer, Becker, C., Meier, C., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Use of metformin is not associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer: a case-control analysis, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, vol. 21, pp. 280-6, 2012.
A. G. Boef, Souverein, P. C., Vandenbroucke, J. P., A. Vlieg, vanHylckama, de Boer, A., le Cessie, S., and Dekkers, O. M., Instrumental variable analysis as a complementary analysis in studies of adverse effects: venous thromboembolism and second-generation versus third-generation oral contraceptives, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 25, pp. 317-24, 2016.
R. Boggon, Timmis, A., Hemingway, H., Raju, S., Malvestiti, F. M., and van Staa, T. P., Smoking cessation interventions following acute coronary syndrome: a missed opportunity?, Eur J Prev Cardiol, vol. 21, pp. 767-73, 2014.
R. Boggon, van Staa, T. P., Timmis, A., Hemingway, H., Ray, K. K., Begg, A., Emmas, C., and Fox, K. A., Clopidogrel discontinuation after acute coronary syndromes: frequency, predictors and associations with death and myocardial infarction–a hospital registry-primary care linked cohort (MINAP-GPRD), Eur Heart J, vol. 32, pp. 2376-86, 2011.
R. Boggon, Lip, G. Y., Gallagher, A. M., and van Staa, T. P., Resource utilization and outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: a case control study, Appl Health Econ Health Policy, vol. 10, pp. 249-59, 2012.
R. Boggon, Eaton, S., Timmis, A., Hemingway, H., Gabriel, H., Minhas, I., and van Staa, T. P., Current prescribing of statins and persistence to statins following ACS in the UK: a MINAP/GPRD study, Br J Cardiol, vol. 19, p. 24, 2012.
R. Boggon, Hubbard, R., Smeeth, L., Gulliford, M., Cassell, J., Eaton, S., Pirmohamed, M., and van Staa, T. P., Variability of antibiotic prescribing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations: a cohort study, BMC Pulm Med, vol. 13, p. 32, 2013.
R. Boggon, van Staa, T. P., Chapman, M., Gallagher, A. M., Hammad, T. A., and Richards, M. A., Cancer recording and mortality in the General Practice Research Database and linked cancer registries, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 22, pp. 168-75, 2013.
B. J. Bolland, Culliford, D. J., Maskell, J., Latham, J. M., Dunlop, D. G., and Arden, N. K., The effect of hip and knee arthroplasty on oral anti-inflammatory use and the relationship to body mass index: results from the UK general practice research database, Osteoarthritis Cartilage, vol. 19, pp. 29-36, 2011.
H. P. Booth, Prevost, A. T., and Gulliford, M. C., Access to weight reduction interventions for overweight and obese patients in UK primary care: population-based cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e006642, 2015.
H. P. Booth, Prevost, A. T., and Gulliford, M. C., Impact of body mass index on prevalence of multimorbidity in primary care: cohort study, Fam Pract, vol. 31, pp. 38-43, 2014.
H. P. Booth, Prevost, A. T., and Gulliford, M. C., Epidemiology of clinical body mass index recording in an obese population in primary care: a cohort study, J Public Health (Oxf), vol. 35, pp. 67-74, 2013.
H. P. Booth, Prevost, A. T., and Gulliford, M. C., Validity of smoking prevalence estimates from primary care electronic health records compared with national population survey data for England, 2007 to 2011, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 22, pp. 1357-61, 2013.
[Page last reviewed 5 August 2019]