Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,300 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 4 December 2019) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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C. Warren-Gash, Hayward, A. C., Hemingway, H., Denaxas, S., Thomas, S. L., Timmis, A. D., Whitaker, H., and Smeeth, L., Influenza infection and risk of acute myocardial infarction in England and Wales: a CALIBER self-controlled case series study, J Infect Dis, vol. 206, pp. 1652-9, 2012.
L. Watson, Das, R., Farquhar, R., Langerman, H., and Barnett, A. H., Consequences of delaying treatment intensification in type 2 diabetes: evidence from a UK database, Curr Med Res Opin, vol. 32, pp. 1465-75, 2016.
J. Watson, Nicholson, B. D., Hamilton, W., and Price, S., Identifying clinical features in primary care electronic health record studies: methods for codelist development, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e019637, 2017.
J. Watson, Salisbury, C., Banks, J., Whiting, P., and Hamilton, W., Predictive value of inflammatory markers for cancer diagnosis in primary care: a prospective cohort study using electronic health records, Br J Cancer, 2019.
J. Watson, Jones, H. E., Banks, J., Whiting, P., Salisbury, C., and Hamilton, W., Use of multiple inflammatory marker tests in primary care: using Clinical Practice Research Datalink to evaluate accuracy, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e462-e469, 2019.
J. Watson, Salisbury, C., Whiting, P., Banks, J., Pyne, Y., and Hamilton, W., Added value and cascade effects of inflammatory marker tests in UK primary care: a cohort study from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e470-e478, 2019.
D. J. Watson, Rhodes, T., Cai, B., and Guess, H. A., Lower risk of thromboembolic cardiovascular events with naproxen among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Arch Intern Med, vol. 162, pp. 1105-10, 2002.
D. J. Watson, Rhodes, T., and Guess, H. A., All-cause mortality and vascular events among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or no arthritis in the UK General Practice Research Database, J Rheumatol, vol. 30, pp. 1196-202, 2003.
L. Watson, Baird, J., Hosel, V., and Peveler, R., The effect of concurrent pain on the management of patients with depression: an analysis of NHS healthcare resource utilisation using the GPRD database, Int J Clin Pract, vol. 63, pp. 698-706, 2009.
L. Watson, Kerstjens, H. A., Rabe, K. F., Kiri, V., Visick, G. T., and Postma, D. S., Obtaining optimal control in mild asthma: theory and practice, Fam Pract, vol. 22, pp. 305-10, 2005.
L. Watson, Wilson, B. P., Alsop, J., and Kumar, S., Weight and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes: what is the outcome of insulin initiation?, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 13, pp. 823-31, 2011.
R. Watts, Al-Taiar, A., Mooney, J., Scott, D., and Macgregor, A., The epidemiology of Takayasu arteritis in the UK, Rheumatology (Oxford), vol. 48, pp. 1008-11, 2009.
R. A. Watts, Al-Taiar, A., Scott, D. G., and Macgregor, A. J., Prevalence and incidence of Wegener's granulomatosis in the UK general practice research database, Arthritis Rheum, vol. 61, pp. 1412-6, 2009.
R. T. Webb, Kontopantelis, E., Doran, T., Qin, P., Creed, F., and Kapur, N., Risk of self-harm in physically ill patients in UK primary care, J Psychosom Res, vol. 73, pp. 92-7, 2012.
R. T. Webb, Kontopantelis, E., Doran, T., Qin, P., Creed, F., and Kapur, N., Suicide risk in primary care patients with major physical diseases: a case-control study, Arch Gen Psychiatry, vol. 69, pp. 256-64, 2012.
L. Wei, MacDonald, T. M., and Mackenzie, I. S., Pioglitazone and bladder cancer: a propensity score matched cohort study, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 75, pp. 254-9, 2013.
L. Wei, MacDonald, T., and Shimi, S., Association between prior appendectomy and/or tonsillectomy in women and subsequent pregnancy rate: a cohort study, Fertil Steril, vol. 106, pp. 1150-1156, 2016.
L. Wei, Lai, E. C., Kao-Yang, Y. H., Walker, B. R., MacDonald, T. M., and Andrew, R., Incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in men receiving steroid 5alpha-reductase inhibitors: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 365, p. l1204, 2019.
L. Wei, Mackenzie, I. S., MacDonald, T. M., and George, J., Cardiovascular risk associated with sodium-containing medicines, Expert Opin Drug Saf, vol. 13, pp. 1515-23, 2014.
S. Weich, Pearce, H. L., Croft, P., Singh, S., Crome, I., Bashford, J., and Frisher, M., Effect of anxiolytic and hypnotic drug prescriptions on mortality hazards: retrospective cohort study, Bmj, vol. 348, p. g1996, 2014.
M. G. Weiner, Barnhart, K., Xie, D., and Tannen, R. L., Hormone therapy and coronary heart disease in young women, Menopause, vol. 15, pp. 86-93, 2008.
M. G. Weiner, Xie, D., and Tannen, R. L., Replication of the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study using a primary care medical record database prompted exploration of a new method to address unmeasured confounding, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 17, pp. 661-70, 2008.
R. B. Weinstein, Ryan, P., Berlin, J. A., Matcho, A., Schuemie, M., Swerdel, J., Patel, K., and Fife, D., Channeling in the Use of Nonprescription Paracetamol and Ibuprofen in an Electronic Medical Records Database: Evidence and Implications, Drug Saf, vol. 40, pp. 1279-1292, 2017.
S. Weir, Samnaliev, M., Kuo, T. C., C. Choitir, N., Tierney, T. S., Cumming, D., Bruce, J., Manca, A., Taylor, R. S., and Eldabe, S., The incidence and healthcare costs of persistent postoperative pain following lumbar spine surgery in the UK: a cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) and Hospital Episode Statistics (HES), BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e017585, 2017.
S. Weir, Samnaliev, M., Kuo, T. - C., Choitir, C. N., Tierney, T. S., Taylor, R. S., Manca, A., Bruce, J., Cumming, D., and Eldabe, S., Does instrumented spinal surgery have an increased rate of persistent post-operative pain (PPP)?, The Spine Journal, vol. 17, p. S11, 2017.
S. Weir, Samnaliev, M., Kuo, T. - C., Choitir, C. N., Tierney, T. S., Taylor, R. S., Manca, A., Bruce, J., Cumming, D., and Eldabe, S., The rate of persistent post-operative pain (FBSS) in revision lumbar spinal surgery, The Spine Journal, vol. 17, p. S10, 2017.
S. Weir, Kuo, T. C., Samnaliev, M., Tierney, T. S., Manca, A., Taylor, R. S., Bruce, J., Eldabe, S., and Cumming, D., Reoperation following lumbar spinal surgery: costs and outcomes in a UK population cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) and Hospital Episode Statistics (HES), Eur Spine J, 2019.
S. Weir, Samnaliev, M., Kuo, T. C., Tierney, T. S., S. Autiero, W., Taylor, R. S., and Schrag, A., Short- and long-term cost and utilization of health care resources in Parkinson's disease in the UK, Mov Disord, vol. 33, pp. 974-981, 2018.
M. Weldegiorgis, Smith, M., Herrington, W. G., Bankhead, C., and Woodward, M., Socioeconomic disadvantage and the risk of advanced chronic kidney disease: results from a cohort study with 1.4 million participants, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 2019.
S. F. Weng, Vaz, L., Qureshi, N., and Kai, J., Prediction of premature all-cause mortality: A prospective general population cohort study comparing machine-learning and standard epidemiological approaches, PLoS One, vol. 14, p. e0214365, 2019.
S. F. Weng, Kai, J., Guha, I. N., and Qureshi, N., The value of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in cardiovascular disease risk assessment, Open Heart, vol. 2, p. e000272, 2015.
S. F. Weng, Reps, J., Kai, J., Garibaldi, J. M., and Qureshi, N., Can machine-learning improve cardiovascular risk prediction using routine clinical data?, PLoS One, vol. 12, p. e0174944, 2017.
S. F. Weng, Kai, J., H. Neil, A., Humphries, S. E., and Qureshi, N., Improving identification of familial hypercholesterolaemia in primary care: derivation and validation of the familial hypercholesterolaemia case ascertainment tool (FAMCAT), Atherosclerosis, vol. 238, pp. 336-43, 2015.
J. West, Logan, R. F., Card, T. R., Smith, C., and Hubbard, R., Fracture risk in people with celiac disease: a population-based cohort study, Gastroenterology, vol. 125, pp. 429-36, 2003.
J. West, Fleming, K. M., Tata, L. J., Card, T. R., and Crooks, C. J., Incidence and prevalence of celiac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis in the UK over two decades: population-based study, Am J Gastroenterol, vol. 109, pp. 757-68, 2014.
J. West, Logan, R. F., Hubbard, R. B., and Card, T. R., Risk of schizophrenia in people with coeliac disease, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease: a general population-based study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 23, pp. 71-4, 2006.
J. West, Logan, R. F., Card, T. R., Smith, C., and Hubbard, R., Risk of vascular disease in adults with diagnosed coeliac disease: a population-based study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 20, pp. 73-9, 2004.
J. West, Logan, R. F., Smith, C. J., Hubbard, R. B., and Card, T. R., Malignancy and mortality in people with coeliac disease: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 329, pp. 716-9, 2004.
J. West, Card, T. R., Aithal, G. P., and Fleming, K. M., Risk of hepatocellular carcinoma among individuals with different aetiologies of cirrhosis: a population-based cohort study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 45, pp. 983-990, 2017.
N. S. Wexler, Collett, L., Wexler, A. R., Rawlins, M. D., Tabrizi, S. J., Douglas, I., Smeeth, L., and Evans, S. J., Incidence of adult Huntington's disease in the UK: a UK-based primary care study and a systematic review, BMJ Open, vol. 6, p. e009070, 2016.
H. R. Whittaker, Mullerova, H., Jarvis, D., Barnes, N. C., Jones, P. W., Compton, C. H., Kiddle, S. J., and Quint, J. K., Inhaled corticosteroids, blood eosinophils, and FEV1 decline in patients with COPD in a large UK primary health care setting, Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis, vol. 14, pp. 1063-1073, 2019.
H. Whittaker, Connell, O., Campbell, J., Elbehairy, A. F., Hopkinson, N. S., and Quint, J. K., Eligibility for Lung Volume Reduction Surgery in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease patients identified in a UK primary care setting, Chest, 2019.
E. J. Velthui Wierik, Hendricks, P. T., and Martinez, C., Preferential prescribing of tibolone and combined estrogen plus progestogen therapy in postmenopausal women, Menopause, vol. 14, pp. 518-27, 2007.
J. M. Wijnands, van Durme, C. M., Driessen, J. H., Boonen, A., Klop, C., Leufkens, B., Cooper, C., Stehouwer, C. D., and de Vries, F., Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Are at an Increased Risk of Gout But This Is Not Due to Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study, Medicine (Baltimore), vol. 94, p. e1358, 2015.
R. N. Wild, Micturin and torsades de pointe — experience of a post‐marketing alert, vol. 1, pp. 147 - 150, 1992.
J. Wilding, Bailey, C., Rigney, U., Blak, B., Beekman, W., and Emmas, C., Glycated Hemoglobin, Body Weight and Blood Pressure in Type 2 Diabetes Patients Initiating Dapagliflozin Treatment in Primary Care: A Retrospective Study, Diabetes Ther, vol. 7, pp. 695-711, 2016.
J. Wilding, Bailey, C., Rigney, U., Blak, B., Kok, M., and Emmas, C., Dapagliflozin therapy for type 2 diabetes in primary care: Changes in HbA1c, weight and blood pressure over 2 years follow-up, Prim Care Diabetes, vol. 11, pp. 437-444, 2017.
J. P. H. Wilding, Godec, T., Khunti, K., Pocock, S., Fox, R., Smeeth, L., Clauson, P., Fenici, P., Hammar, N., and Medina, J., Changes in HbA1c and weight after initiation of second-line therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in clinical practice., Diabetologia., vol. 60, p. S301, 2017.
J. Wilding, Godec, T., Khunti, K., Pocock, S., Fox, R., Smeeth, L., Clauson, P., Fenici, P., Hammar, N., and Medina, J., Changes in HbA1c and weight, and treatment persistence, over the 18 months following initiation of second-line therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: results from the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink, BMC Med, vol. 16, p. 116, 2018.
T. Wilke, Mueller, S., Groth, A., Berg, B., Fuchs, A., Sikirica, M., Logie, J., Martin, A., and Maywald, U., Non-Persistence and Non-Adherence of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Therapy with GLP-1 Receptor Agonists: A Retrospective Analysis, Diabetes Ther, vol. 7, pp. 105-24, 2016.
[Page last reviewed 6 December 2019]