Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,500 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 May 2020) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 3MB, 203 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 2509 results:
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
S. Hajat, Anderson, H. R., Atkinson, R. W., and Haines, A., Effects of air pollution on general practitioner consultations for upper respiratory diseases in London, Occup Environ Med, vol. 59, pp. 294-9, 2002.
S. Rowlands, Hooper, R., Hughes, R., and Burney, P., The epidemiology and treatment of Bell's palsy in the UK, Eur J Neurol, vol. 9, pp. 63-7, 2002.
B. Purcell, Gaitatzis, A., Sander, J. W., and Majeed, A., Epilepsy prevalence and prescribing patterns in England and Wales., Health Stat Q, vol. 15, pp. 23-30, 2002.
C. Black and Jick, H., Etiology and frequency of rhabdomyolysis, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 1524-6, 2002.
L. M. Howard, Kumar, C., Leese, M., and Thornicroft, G., The general fertility rate in women with psychotic disorders, Am J Psychiatry, vol. 159, pp. 991-7, 2002.
A. Kennerfalk, Ruigomez, A., Wallander, M. A., Wilhelmsen, L., and Johansson, S., Geriatric drug therapy and healthcare utilization in the United kingdom, Ann Pharmacother, vol. 36, pp. 797-803, 2002.
D. J. Margolis, Knauss, J., and Bilker, W., Hormone replacement therapy and prevention of pressure ulcers and venous leg ulcers, Lancet, vol. 359, pp. 675-7, 2002.
R. Hubbard and Venn, A., The impact of coexisting connective tissue disease on survival in patients with fibrosing alveolitis, Rheumatology (Oxford), vol. 41, pp. 676-9, 2002.
T. M. McKeever, Lewis, S. A., Smith, C., and Hubbard, R., The importance of prenatal exposures on the development of allergic disease: a birth cohort study using the West Midlands General Practice Database, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol. 166, pp. 827-32, 2002.
T. P. van Staa, Selby, P., Leufkens, H. G., Lyles, K., Sprafka, J. M., and Cooper, C., Incidence and natural history of Paget's disease of bone in England and Wales, J Bone Miner Res, vol. 17, pp. 465-71, 2002.
D. J. Margolis, Bilker, W., Knauss, J., Baumgarten, M., and Strom, B. L., The incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers among elderly patients in general medical practice, Ann Epidemiol, vol. 12, pp. 321-5, 2002.
A. Ruigomez, Johansson, S., Wallander, M. A., and Rodriguez, L. A., Incidence of chronic atrial fibrillation in general practice and its treatment pattern, J Clin Epidemiol, vol. 55, pp. 358-63, 2002.
C. J. Kornegay, Vasilakis-Scaramozza, C., and Jick, H., Incident diabetes associated with antipsychotic use in the United Kingdom general practice research database, J Clin Psychiatry, vol. 63, pp. 758-62, 2002.
R. B. Hubbard, Smith, C. J., Smeeth, L., Harrison, T. W., and Tattersfield, A. E., Inhaled corticosteroids and hip fracture: a population-based case-control study, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol. 166, pp. 1563-6, 2002.
B. D. Bradbury and Jick, S. S., Itraconazole and fluconazole and certain rare, serious adverse events, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 697-700, 2002.
M. C. Sheppard, Holder, R., and Franklyn, J. A., Levothyroxine treatment and occurrence of fracture of the hip, Arch Intern Med, vol. 162, pp. 338-43, 2002.
D. J. Watson, Rhodes, T., Cai, B., and Guess, H. A., Lower risk of thromboembolic cardiovascular events with naproxen among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Arch Intern Med, vol. 162, pp. 1105-10, 2002.
T. M. McKeever, Lewis, S. A., Smith, C., and Hubbard, R., Mode of delivery and risk of developing allergic disease, J Allergy Clin Immunol, vol. 109, pp. 800-2, 2002.
J. Y. Kang, Tinto, A., Higham, J., and Majeed, A., Peptic ulceration in general practice in England and Wales 1994-98: period prevalence and drug management, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 16, pp. 1067-74, 2002.
R. M. Martin, Hemingway, H., Gunnell, D., Karsch, K. R., Baumbach, A., and Frankel, S., Population need for coronary revascularisation: are national targets for England credible?, Heart, vol. 88, pp. 627-33, 2002.
K. M. Wyatt, Dimmock, P. W., Frischer, M., Jones, P. W., and O'Brien, S. P., Prescribing patterns in premenstrual syndrome, BMC Womens Health, vol. 2, p. 4, 2002.
A. Newnham, Ryan, R., Khunti, K., and Majeed, A., Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes mellitus in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 to 1998, Health Stat Q, pp. 5-13, 2002.
R. Ryan and Majeed, A., Prevalence of treated hypertension in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 to 1998., Health Stat Q, pp. 14-8, 2002.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., Relation of childhood gastrointestinal disorders to autism: nested case-control study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 325, pp. 419-21, 2002.
S. F. Lanes, Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, and Huerta, C., Respiratory medications and risk of asthma death, Thorax, vol. 57, pp. 683-6, 2002.
C. Huerta, Zhao, S. Z., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Risk of acute liver injury in patients with diabetes, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 1091-6, 2002.
C. Huerta and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Risk of clinical blood dyscrasia in a cohort of antibiotic users, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 630-6, 2002.
C. Huerta, Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Wallander, M. A., and Johansson, S., Risk of irritable bowel syndrome among asthma patients, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 11, pp. 31-5, 2002.
A. Ruigomez, Johansson, S., Wallander, M. A., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Risk of mortality in a cohort of patients newly diagnosed with chronic atrial fibrillation, BMC Cardiovasc Disord, vol. 2, p. 5, 2002.
J. Castellsague, Garcia-Rodriguez, L. A., Duque, A., and Perez, S., Risk of serious skin disorders among users of oral antifungals: a population-based study, BMC Dermatol, vol. 2, p. 14, 2002.
J. A. Kaye, Meier, C. R., Walker, A. M., and Jick, H., Statin use, hyperlipidaemia, and the risk of breast cancer, Br J Cancer, vol. 86, pp. 1436-9, 2002.
C. C. Yang, Jick, S. S., and Jick, H., Statins and the risk of idiopathic venous thromboembolism, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 53, pp. 101-5, 2002.
J. B. Soriano, Vestbo, J., Pride, N. B., Kiri, V., Maden, C., and Maier, W. C., Survival in COPD patients after regular use of fluticasone propionate and salmeterol in general practice, Eur Respir J, vol. 20, pp. 819-25, 2002.
S. Johansson, Wallander, M. A., Ruigomez, A., and Garcia, R., Treatment patterns among newly diagnosed heart failure patients in general practice, Eur J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 57, pp. 813-7, 2002.
K. Bailey, Ellis, C., and Majeed, A., Trends in the treatment of osteoporosis and types of drug treatments prescribed in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 to 1998, Health Stat Q, pp. 5-13, 2002.
R. G. Schlienger, Jick, H., and Meier, C. R., Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of first-time acute myocardial infarction, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 54, pp. 327-32, 2002.
T. P. van Staa, Leufkens, H. G., and Cooper, C., Utility of medical and drug history in fracture risk prediction among men and women, Bone, vol. 31, pp. 508-14, 2002.
J. D. Lewis, Brensinger, C., Bilker, W. B., and Strom, B. L., Validity and completeness of the General Practice Research Database for studies of inflammatory bowel disease, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 11, pp. 211-8, 2002.
D. J. Margolis, Bilker, W., Santanna, J., and Baumgarten, M., Venous leg ulcer: incidence and prevalence in the elderly, J Am Acad Dermatol, vol. 46, pp. 381-6, 2002.
J. A. Kaye, Myers, M. W., and Jick, H., Acetaminophen and the risk of renal and bladder cancer in the general practice research database, Epidemiology, vol. 12, pp. 690-4, 2001.
R. A. Lawrenson and Logie, J. W., Antibiotic failure in the treatment of urinary tract infections in young women, J Antimicrob Chemother, vol. 48, pp. 895-901, 2001.
S. Hajat, Haines, A., Atkinson, R. W., Bremner, S. A., Anderson, H. R., and Emberlin, J., Association between air pollution and daily consultations with general practitioners for allergic rhinitis in London, United Kingdom, Am J Epidemiol, vol. 153, pp. 704-14, 2001.
L. Smeeth, Hall, A. J., Fombonne, E., Rodrigues, L. C., Huang, X., and Smith, P. G., A case-control study of autism and mumps-measles-rubella vaccination using the general practice research database: design and methodology, BMC Public Health, vol. 1, p. 2, 2001.
M. J. van Bommel, Numans, M. E., de Wit, N. J., and Stalman, W. A., Consultations and referrals for dyspepsia in general practice–a one year database survey, Postgrad Med J, vol. 77, pp. 514-8, 2001.
R. G. Gibbs, Newson, R., Lawrenson, R., Greenhalgh, R. M., and Davies, A. H., Diagnosis and initial management of stroke and transient ischemic attack across UK health regions from 1992 to 1996: experience of a national primary care database, Stroke, vol. 32, pp. 1085-90, 2001.
N. Andrews, Miller, E., Waight, P., Farrington, P., Crowcroft, N., Stowe, J., and Taylor, B., Does oral polio vaccine cause intussusception in infants? Evidence from a sequence of three self-controlled cases series studies in the United Kingdom, Eur J Epidemiol, vol. 17, pp. 701-6, 2001.
S. Hernandez-Diaz and Garcia-Rodriguez, L. A., Epidemiologic assessment of the safety of conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Am J Med, vol. 110 Suppl 3A, p. 20s-7s, 2001.
T. P. van Staa, Dennison, E. M., Leufkens, H. G., and Cooper, C., Epidemiology of fractures in England and Wales, Bone, vol. 29, pp. 517-22, 2001.
A. McGuire, Irwin, D. E., Fenn, P., Gray, A., Anderson, P., Lovering, A., and MacGowan, A., The excess cost of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis in patients aged 45 and older in England and Wales, Value Health, vol. 4, pp. 370-5, 2001.
A. Ruigomez, Johansson, S., Wallander, M. A., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Gender and drug treatment as determinants of mortality in a cohort of heart failure patients, Eur J Epidemiol, vol. 17, pp. 329-35, 2001.
[Page last reviewed 5 May 2020]