Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,400 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 February 2020) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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S. A. Julious, Campbell, M. J., Bianchi, S. M., and Murray-Thomas, T., Seasonality of medical contacts in school-aged children with asthma: association with school holidays, Public Health, vol. 125, pp. 769-76, 2011.
J. D. Lewis, Aberra, F. N., Lichtenstein, G. R., Bilker, W. B., Brensinger, C., and Strom, B. L., Seasonal variation in flares of inflammatory bowel disease, Gastroenterology, vol. 126, pp. 665-73, 2004.
S. Muller, Hider, S., Machin, A., Stack, R., Hayward, R. A., Raza, K., and Mallen, C., Searching for a prodrome for rheumatoid arthritis in the primary care record: A case-control study in the clinical practice research datalink, Semin Arthritis Rheum, 2018.
C. C. Chi, Mayon-White, R. T., and Wojnarowska, F. T., Safety of topical corticosteroids in pregnancy: a population-based cohort study, J Invest Dermatol, vol. 131, pp. 884-91, 2011.
V. 3rd. Lo Re, Haynes, K., Ming, E. E., J. Ives, W., Horne, L. N., Fortier, K., Carbonari, D. M., Hennessy, S., Cardillo, S., Reese, P. P., Reddy, K. R., Margolis, D., Apter, A., Kimmel, S. E., Roy, J., Freeman, C. P., Razzaghi, H., Holick, C. N., Esposito, D. B., van Staa, T. P., Bhullar, H., and Strom, B. L., Safety of saxagliptin: rationale for and design of a series of postmarketing observational studies, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 21, pp. 1202-15, 2012.
L. A. Garcia-Rodriguez, Masso-Gonzalez, E. L., Wallander, M. A., and Johansson, S., The safety of rosuvastatin in comparison with other statins in over 100,000 statin users in UK primary care, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 17, pp. 943-52, 2008.
M. C. Gulliford, Moore, M. V., Little, P., Hay, A. D., Fox, R., Prevost, A. T., Juszczyk, D., Charlton, J., and Ashworth, M., Safety of reduced antibiotic prescribing for self limiting respiratory tract infections in primary care: cohort study using electronic health records, Bmj, vol. 354, p. i3410, 2016.
K. Donegan, King, B., and Bryan, P., Safety of pertussis vaccination in pregnant women in UK: observational study, Bmj, vol. 349, p. g4219, 2014.
P. Bryan, Seabroke, S., Wong, J., Donegan, K., Webb, E., Goldsmith, C., Vipond, C., and Feavers, I., Safety of multicomponent meningococcal group B vaccine (4CMenB) in routine infant immunisation in the UK: a prospective surveillance study, Lancet Child Adolesc Health, vol. 2, pp. 395-403, 2018.
J. R. Hardy, Leaderer, B. P., Holford, T. R., Hall, G. C., and Bracken, M. B., Safety of medications prescribed before and during early pregnancy in a cohort of 81,975 mothers from the UK General Practice Research Database, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 15, pp. 555-64, 2006.
D. J. Grint, McDonald, H. I., Walker, J. L., Amirthalingam, G., Andrews, N., and Thomas, S., Safety of inadvertent administration of live zoster vaccine to immunosuppressed individuals in a UK-based observational cohort analysis, BMJ Open, vol. 10, p. e034886, 2020.
R. A. Charlton, Snowball, J. M., Nightingale, A. L., and Davis, K. J., Safety of Fluticasone Propionate Prescribed for Asthma During Pregnancy: A UK Population-Based Cohort Study, J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract, vol. 3, pp. 772-9.e3, 2015.
J. T. Nielen, Dagnelie, P. C., Emans, P. J., Veldhorst-Janssen, N., Lalmohamed, A., van Staa, T. P., Boonen, A. E., van den Bemt, B. J., and de Vries, F., Safety and efficacy of new oral anticoagulants and low-molecular-weight heparins compared with aspirin in patients undergoing total knee and hip replacements, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 25, pp. 1245-1252, 2016.
A. Ble, Hughes, P. M., Delgado, J., Masoli, J. A., Bowman, K., Zirk-Sadowski, J., Mota, R. E. Mujica, Henley, W. E., and Melzer, D., Safety and Effectiveness of Statins for Prevention of Recurrent Myocardial Infarction in 12 156 Typical Older Patients: A Quasi-Experimental Study, J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, vol. 72, pp. 243-250, 2017.
R
A. Bottle, Kim, D., Aylin, P., Cowie, M. R., Majeed, A., and Hayhoe, B., Routes to diagnosis of heart failure: observational study using linked data in England, Heart, vol. 104, pp. 600-605, 2018.
M. Riera-Montes, Cattaert, T., and Verstraeten, T. V., Rotavirus vaccination may reduce acute gastroenteritis rates across all age groups in England, Value in Health, vol. 20, p. A780, 2017.
V. Ehrenstein, Hernandez, R. K., Ulrichsen, S. P., Rungby, J., Lash, T. L., Riis, A. H., Li, L., Sorensen, H. T., and Jick, S. S., Rosiglitazone use and post-discontinuation glycaemic control in two European countries, 2000-2010, BMJ Open, vol. 3, p. e003424, 2013.
J. Spoendlin, Karatas, G., Furlano, R. I., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Rosacea in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease: A Population-based Case-control Study, Inflamm Bowel Dis, vol. 22, pp. 680-7, 2016.
K. T. Palmer, D'Angelo, S., Harris, E. C., Linaker, C., and Coggon, D., The role of mental health problems and common psychotropic drug treatments in accidental injury at work: a case-control study, Occup Environ Med, vol. 71, pp. 308-12, 2014.
D. J. Humes and West, J., Role of acute diverticulitis in the development of complicated colonic diverticular disease and 1-year mortality after diagnosis in the UK: population-based cohort study, Gut, vol. 61, pp. 95-100, 2012.
A. M. Gallagher, Setakis, E., Plumb, J. M., Clemens, A., and van Staa, T. P., Risks of stroke and mortality associated with suboptimal anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation patients, Thromb Haemost, vol. 106, pp. 968-77, 2011.
R. M. Joseph, Movahedi, M., Dixon, W. G., and Symmons, D. P., Risks of smoking and benefits of smoking cessation on hospitalisations for cardiovascular events and respiratory infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a retrospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, RMD Open, vol. 3, p. e000506, 2017.
Y. Vinogradova, Coupland, C., Hill, T., and Hippisley-Cox, J., Risks and benefits of direct oral anticoagulants versus warfarin in a real world setting: cohort study in primary care, Bmj, vol. 362, p. k2505, 2018.
S. Bours, de Vries, F., van den Bergh, J. P. W., Lalmohamed, A., van Staa, T. P., Leufkens, H. G. M., Geusens, P. P. P., Drent, M., and Harvey, N. C., Risk of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in patients with sarcoidosis: a population-based cohort, Osteoporos Int, vol. 27, pp. 1603-1610, 2016.
F. J. de Abajo and Rodriguez, L. A., Risk of ventricular arrhythmias associated with nonsedating antihistamine drugs, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 47, pp. 307-13, 1999.
C. Vasilakis-Scaramozza and Jick, H., Risk of venous thromboembolism with cyproterone or levonorgestrel contraceptives, Lancet, vol. 358, pp. 1427-9, 2001.
H. E. Seaman, de Vries, C. S., and Farmer, R. D., The risk of venous thromboembolism in women prescribed cyproterone acetate in combination with ethinyl estradiol: a nested cohort analysis and case-control study, Hum Reprod, vol. 18, pp. 522-6, 2003.
C. Vasilakis, Jick, S. S., and Jick, H., The risk of venous thromboembolism in users of postcoital contraceptive pills, Contraception, vol. 59, pp. 79-83, 1999.
L. Parkin, Sharples, K., Hernandez, R. K., and Jick, S. S., Risk of venous thromboembolism in users of oral contraceptives containing drospirenone or levonorgestrel: nested case-control study based on UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 342, p. d2139, 2011.
A. J. Walker, Baldwin, D. R., Card, T. R., Powell, H. A., Hubbard, R. B., and Grainge, M. J., Risk of venous thromboembolism in people with lung cancer: a cohort study using linked UK healthcare data, Br J Cancer, vol. 115, pp. 115-21, 2016.
P. J. Peeters, Bazelier, M. T., Uitdehaag, B. M., Leufkens, H. G., De Bruin, M. L., and de Vries, F., The risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with multiple sclerosis: the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, J Thromb Haemost, vol. 12, pp. 444-51, 2014.
D. J. Humes, Nordenskjold, A., Walker, A. J., West, J., and Ludvigsson, J. F., Risk of venous thromboembolism in children after general surgery, J Pediatr Surg, vol. 50, pp. 1870-3, 2015.
T. P. C. Chu, Grainge, M. J., and Card, T. R., The risk of venous thromboembolism during and after hospitalisation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease activity, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 48, pp. 1099-1108, 2018.
A. Sundstrom, Seaman, H., Kieler, H., and Alfredsson, L., The risk of venous thromboembolism associated with the use of tranexamic acid and other drugs used to treat menorrhagia: a case-control study using the General Practice Research Database, Bjog, vol. 116, pp. 91-7, 2009.
H. Jick, Kaye, J. A., Vasilakis-Scaramozza, C., and Jick, S. S., Risk of venous thromboembolism among users of third generation oral contraceptives compared with users of oral contraceptives with levonorgestrel before and after 1995: cohort and case-control analysis, Bmj, vol. 321, pp. 1190-5, 2000.
E. Martin-Merino, Petersen, I., Hawley, S., Alvarez-Gutierrez, A., Khalid, S., Llorente-Garcia, A., Delmestri, A., Javaid, M. K., van Staa, T. P., Judge, A., Cooper, C., and Prieto-Alhambra, D., Risk of venous thromboembolism among users of different anti-osteoporosis drugs: a population-based cohort analysis including over 200,000 participants from Spain and the UK, Osteoporos Int, vol. 29, pp. 467-478, 2018.
A. Adiamah, Ban, L., West, J., and Humes, D. J., The risk of venous thromboembolism after surgery for esophagogastric malignancy and the impact of chemotherapy: a population-based cohort study, Dis Esophagus, 2019.
A. T. Hancock, Mallen, C. D., Muller, S., Belcher, J., Roddy, E., Helliwell, T., and Hider, S. L., Risk of vascular events in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica, Cmaj, vol. 186, pp. E495-501, 2014.
J. West, Logan, R. F., Card, T. R., Smith, C., and Hubbard, R., Risk of vascular disease in adults with diagnosed coeliac disease: a population-based study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 20, pp. 73-9, 2004.
R. Charlton, Green, A., Shaddick, G., Snowball, J., Nightingale, A., Tillett, W., Smith, C. H., and McHugh, N., Risk of uveitis and inflammatory bowel disease in people with psoriatic arthritis: a population-based cohort study, Ann Rheum Dis, vol. 77, pp. 277-280, 2018.
S. Walker, Hyde, C., and Hamilton, W., Risk of uterine cancer in symptomatic women in primary care: case-control study using electronic records, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 63, pp. e643-8, 2013.
F. J. de Abajo and Garcia-Rodriguez, L. A., Risk of upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding associated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and venlafaxine therapy: interaction with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and effect of acid-suppressing agents, Arch Gen Psychiatry, vol. 65, pp. 795-803, 2008.
L. A. Garcia Rodriguez and Hernandez-Diaz, S., The risk of upper gastrointestinal complications associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, acetaminophen, and combinations of these agents, Arthritis Res, vol. 3, pp. 98-101, 2001.
F. J. de Abajo and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation associated with low-dose aspirin as plain and enteric-coated formulations, BMC Clin Pharmacol, vol. 1, p. 1, 2001.
L. A. Garcia Rodriguez and Jick, H., Risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation associated with individual non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Lancet, vol. 343, pp. 769-72, 1994.
H. C. Gorton, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., DelPozo-Banos, M., John, A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Risk of Unnatural Mortality in People With Epilepsy, JAMA Neurol, vol. 75, pp. 929-938, 2018.
S. S. Jick, Hagberg, K. W., Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., The risk of unintended pregnancies in users of the contraceptive patch compared to users of oral contraceptives in the UK General Practice Research Database, Contraception, vol. 80, pp. 142-51, 2009.
R. Charlton, Green, A., Shaddick, G., Snowball, J., Nightingale, A., Tillett, W., Smith, C., and McHugh, N., Risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in an incident cohort of people with psoriatic arthritis: a population-based cohort study, Rheumatology (Oxford), 2018.
D. Zenner, Kruijshaar, M. E., Andrews, N., and Abubakar, I., Risk of tuberculosis in pregnancy: a national, primary care-based cohort and self-controlled case series study, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol. 185, pp. 779-84, 2012.
D. J. Humes, Walker, A. J., Hunt, B. J., Sultan, A. A., Ludvigsson, J. F., and West, J., Risk of symptomatic venous thromboembolism following emergency appendicectomy in adults, Br J Surg, vol. 103, pp. 443-50, 2016.
[Page last reviewed 5 February 2020]