Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,200 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 August 2019) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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A
L. Azoulay, Assimes, T. L., Yin, H., Bartels, D. B., Schiffrin, E. L., and Suissa, S., Long-term use of angiotensin receptor blockers and the risk of cancer, PLoS One, vol. 7, p. e50893, 2012.
L. Azoulay, Dell'Aniello, S., Simon, T. A., Langleben, D., Renoux, C., and Suissa, S., A net clinical benefit analysis of warfarin and aspirin on stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation: a nested case-control study, BMC Cardiovasc Disord, vol. 12, p. 49, 2012.
L. Azoulay, Yin, H., Filion, K. B., Assayag, J., Majdan, A., Pollak, M. N., and Suissa, S., The use of pioglitazone and the risk of bladder cancer in people with type 2 diabetes: nested case-control study, Bmj, vol. 344, p. e3645, 2012.
L. Azoulay, Dell'Aniello, S., Simon, T., Renoux, C., and Suissa, S., The concurrent use of antithrombotic therapies and the risk of bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation, Thromb Haemost, vol. 109, pp. 431-9, 2013.
L. Azoulay, Soldera, S., Yin, H., and Bouganim, N., Use of Calcium Channel Blockers and Risk of Breast Cancer: A Population-based Cohort Study, Epidemiology, vol. 27, pp. 594-601, 2016.
L. Azoulay, Eberg, M., Benayoun, S., and Pollak, M., 5alpha-Reductase Inhibitors and the Risk of Cancer-Related Mortality in Men With Prostate Cancer, JAMA Oncol, vol. 1, pp. 314-20, 2015.
L. Azoulay, Dell'Aniello, S., Simon, T. A., Renoux, C., and Suissa, S., Initiation of warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation: early effects on ischaemic strokes, Eur Heart J, vol. 35, pp. 1881-7, 2014.
L. Azoulay, Schneider-Lindner, V., Dell'Aniello, S., Filion, K. B., and Suissa, S., Thiazolidinediones and the risk of incident strokes in patients with type 2 diabetes: a nested case-control study, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 19, pp. 343-50, 2010.
L. Azoulay, Schneider-Lindner, V., Dell'Aniello, S., Schiffrin, A., and Suissa, S., Combination therapy with sulfonylureas and metformin and the prevention of death in type 2 diabetes: a nested case-control study, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 19, pp. 335-42, 2010.
L. Azoulay, Dell'Aniello, S., Gagnon, B., Pollak, M., and Suissa, S., Metformin and the incidence of prostate cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, vol. 20, pp. 337-44, 2011.
L. Azoulay, Dell'Aniello, S., Huiart, L., Fort, G. G. du, and Suissa, S., Concurrent use of tamoxifen with CYP2D6 inhibitors and the risk of breast cancer recurrence, Breast Cancer Res Treat, vol. 126, pp. 695-703, 2011.
L. Azoulay, Yin, H., Benayoun, S., Renoux, C., Boivin, J. F., and Suissa, S., Androgen-deprivation therapy and the risk of stroke in patients with prostate cancer, Eur Urol, vol. 60, pp. 1244-50, 2011.
L. Azoulay, Yin, H., Renoux, C., and Suissa, S., The use of atypical antipsychotics and the risk of breast cancer, Breast Cancer Res Treat, vol. 129, pp. 541-8, 2011.
E. L. Axson, Bloom, C. I., and Quint, J. K., Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease managed within UK primary care, 2006-2016, Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis, vol. 37, pp. 1795-1803, 2018.
E. L. Axson, Bual, N., Bloom, C. I., and Quint, J. K., Risk factors and secondary care utilisation in a primary care population with non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease in the UK, Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis, 2018.
R. W. Atkinson, Carey, I. M., Kent, A. J., van Staa, T. P., Anderson, H. R., and Cook, D. G., Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a national English cohort, Occup Environ Med, vol. 72, pp. 42-8, 2015.
R. W. Atkinson, Carey, I. M., Kent, A. J., van Staa, T. P., Anderson, H. R., and Cook, D. G., Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and incidence of cardiovascular diseases, Epidemiology, vol. 24, pp. 44-53, 2013.
J. L. Atkins, Delgado, J., Pilling, L. C., Bowman, K., Masoli, J. A. H., Kuchel, G. A., Ferrucci, L., and Melzer, D., Impact of Low Cardiovascular Risk Profiles on Geriatric Outcomes: Evidence From 421,000 Participants in Two Cohorts, J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 2018.
J. Assayag, Pollak, M. N., and Azoulay, L., The use of aspirin and the risk of mortality in patients with prostate cancer, J Urol, vol. 193, pp. 1220-5, 2015.
J. Assayag, Yin, H., Benayoun, S., Pollak, M. N., Suissa, S., and Azoulay, L., Androgen deprivation therapy and the risk of colorectal cancer in patients with prostate cancer, Cancer Causes Control, vol. 24, pp. 839-45, 2013.
M. Ashworth, Charlton, J., Ballard, K., Latinovic, R., and Gulliford, M., Variations in antibiotic prescribing and consultation rates for acute respiratory infection in UK general practices 1995-2000, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 55, pp. 603-8, 2005.
M. Ashworth, Charlton, J., Latinovic, R., and Gulliford, M., Age-related changes in consultations and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections, 1995-2000. Data from the UK General Practice Research Database, J Clin Pharm Ther, vol. 31, pp. 461-7, 2006.
M. Ashworth, Latinovic, R., Charlton, J., Cox, K., Rowlands, G., and Gulliford, M., Why has antibiotic prescribing for respiratory illness declined in primary care? A longitudinal study using the General Practice Research Database, J Public Health (Oxf), vol. 26, pp. 268-74, 2004.
Z. Asghar, Coupland, C., and Siriwardena, N., Influenza vaccination and risk of stroke: Self-controlled case-series study, Vaccine, vol. 33, pp. 5458-5463, 2015.
M. Asaria, Walker, S., Palmer, S., Gale, C. P., Shah, A. D., Abrams, K. R., Crowther, M., Manca, A., Timmis, A., Hemingway, H., and Sculpher, M., Using electronic health records to predict costs and outcomes in stable coronary artery disease, Heart, vol. 102, pp. 755-62, 2016.
D. Armstrong, Ashworth, M., Dregan, A., and White, P., The relationship between prior antimicrobial prescription and meningitis: a case-control study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 66, pp. e228-33, 2016.
R. G. Armstrong, West, J., and Card, T. R., Risk of cancer in inflammatory bowel disease treated with azathioprine: a UK population-based case-control study, Am J Gastroenterol, vol. 105, pp. 1604-9, 2010.
C. S. Arhi, Bottle, A., Burns, E. M., Clarke, J. M., Aylin, P., Ziprin, P., and Darzi, A., Comparison of cancer diagnosis recording between the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Cancer Registry and Hospital Episodes Statistics, Cancer Epidemiol, vol. 57, pp. 148-157, 2018.
C. S. Arhi, Burns, E. M., Bouras, G., Aylin, P., Ziprin, P., and Darzi, A., Complications after discharge and delays in adjuvant chemotherapy following colonic resection: a cohort study of linked primary and secondary care data, Colorectal Dis, 2018.
C. S. Arhi, Markar, S., Burns, E. M., Bouras, G., Bottle, A., Hanna, G., Aylin, P., Ziprin, P., and Darzi, A., Delays in referral from primary care are associated with a worse survival in patients with esophagogastric cancer, Dis Esophagus, 2019.
M. Ardissino, Moussa, O., Tang, A., Muttoni, E., Ziprin, P., and Purkayastha, S., Idiopathic intracranial hypertension in the British population with obesity, Acta Neurochir (Wien), 2018.
N. Arden, Altman, D., Beard, D., Carr, A., Clarke, N., Collins, G., Cooper, C., Culliford, D., Delmestri, A., Garden, S., Griffin, T., Javaid, K., Judge, A., Latham, J., Mullee, M., Murray, D., Ogundimu, E., Pinedo-Villanueva, R., Price, A., Prieto-Alhambra, D., and Raftery, J., Programme Grants for Applied Research, in Lower limb arthroplasty: can we produce a tool to predict outcome and failure, and is it cost-effective? An epidemiological study, Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library Copyright (c) Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO 2017. This work was produced by Arden et al. under the terms of a commissioning contract issued by the Secretary of State for Health. This issue may be freely reproduced for the pu, 2017.
A. Arana, Margulis, A. V., McQuay, L. J., Ziemiecki, R., Bartsch, J. L., Rothman, K. J., Franks, B., D'Silva, M., Appenteng, K., Varas-Lorenzo, C., and Perez-Gutthann, S., Variation in Cardiovascular Risk Related to Individual Antimuscarinic Drugs Used to Treat Overactive Bladder: A UK Cohort Study, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 38, pp. 628-637, 2018.
A. Arana, Johannes, C. B., McQuay, L. J., Varas-Lorenzo, C., Fife, D., and Rothman, K. J., Risk of Out-of-Hospital Sudden Cardiac Death in Users of Domperidone, Proton Pump Inhibitors, or Metoclopramide: A Population-Based Nested Case-Control Study, Drug Saf, vol. 38, pp. 1187-99, 2015.
A. Arana, Varas, C., Gonzalez-Perez, A., Gutierrez, L., Bjerrum, L., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Hormone therapy and cerebrovascular events: a population-based nested case-control study, Menopause, vol. 13, pp. 730-6, 2006.
A. J. Apter, Kinman, J. L., Bilker, W. B., Herlim, M., Margolis, D. J., Lautenbach, E., Hennessy, S., and Strom, B. L., Is there cross-reactivity between penicillins and cephalosporins?, Am J Med, vol. 119, pp. 354.e11-9, 2006.
A. J. Apter, Kinman, J. L., Bilker, W. B., Herlim, M., Margolis, D. J., Lautenbach, E., Hennessy, S., and Strom, B. L., Represcription of penicillin after allergic-like events, J Allergy Clin Immunol, vol. 113, pp. 764-70, 2004.
T. Appleyard, Ashworth, J., Bedson, J., Yu, D., and Peat, G., Trends in gabapentinoid prescribing in patients with osteoarthritis: a United Kingdom national cohort study in primary care, Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 2019.
E. Ankus, Price, S. J., Ukoumunne, O. C., Hamilton, W., and Bailey, S. E. R., Cancer incidence in patients with a high normal platelet count: a cohort study using primary care data, Fam Pract, vol. 35, pp. 671-675, 2018.
M. Z. Ankarfeldt, Thorsted, B. L., Groenwold, R. H., Adalsteinsson, E., Ali, M. S., and Klungel, O. H., Assessment of channeling bias among initiators of glucose-lowering drugs: A UK cohort study, Clin Epidemiol, vol. 9, pp. 19-30, 2017.
C. Ang, Doyle, E., and Branch, A., Bisphosphonates as potential adjuvants for patients with cancers of the digestive system, World J Gastroenterol, vol. 22, pp. 906-16, 2016.
N. Andrews, Miller, E., Waight, P., Farrington, P., Crowcroft, N., Stowe, J., and Taylor, B., Does oral polio vaccine cause intussusception in infants? Evidence from a sequence of three self-controlled cases series studies in the United Kingdom, Eur J Epidemiol, vol. 17, pp. 701-6, 2001.
N. Andrews, Miller, E., Grant, A., Stowe, J., Osborne, V., and Taylor, B., Thimerosal exposure in infants and developmental disorders: a retrospective cohort study in the United kingdom does not support a causal association, Pediatrics, vol. 114, pp. 584-91, 2004.
F. Andersohn, Schade, R., Suissa, S., and Garbe, E., Long-term use of antidepressants for depressive disorders and the risk of diabetes mellitus, Am J Psychiatry, vol. 166, pp. 591-8, 2009.
F. Andersohn, Schade, R., Willich, S. N., and Garbe, E., Use of antiepileptic drugs in epilepsy and the risk of self-harm or suicidal behavior, Neurology, vol. 75, pp. 335-40, 2010.
F. Andersohn, Waring, M., and Garbe, E., Risk of ischemic stroke in patients with Crohn's disease: a population-based nested case-control study, Inflamm Bowel Dis, vol. 16, pp. 1387-92, 2010.
F. Andersohn, Schade, R., Suissa, S., and Garbe, E., Cyclooxygenase-2 selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of ischemic stroke: a nested case-control study, Stroke, vol. 37, pp. 1725-30, 2006.
F. Andersohn, Suissa, S., and Garbe, E., Use of first- and second-generation cyclooxygenase-2-selective nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and risk of acute myocardial infarction, Circulation, vol. 113, pp. 1950-7, 2006.
Y. M. F. Andersen, Egeberg, A., Ban, L., Gran, S., Williams, H. C., Francis, N. A., Knop, F. K., Gislason, G. H., Skov, L., and Thyssen, J. P., Association Between Topical Corticosteroid Use and Type 2 Diabetes in Two European Population-Based Adult Cohorts, Diabetes Care, vol. 42, pp. 1095-1103, 2019.
G. Amirthalingam, Andrews, N., Campbell, H., Ribeiro, S., Kara, E., Donegan, K., Fry, N. K., Miller, E., and Ramsay, M., Effectiveness of maternal pertussis vaccination in England: an observational study, Lancet, vol. 384, pp. 1521-8, 2014.
[Page last reviewed 5 August 2019]