Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,200 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 August 2019) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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[ Author(Asc)] Title Type Year
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Z
G. L. Zornberg and Jick, H., Antipsychotic drug use and risk of first-time idiopathic venous thromboembolism: a case-control study, Lancet, vol. 356, pp. 1219-23, 2000.
F. Zingone, Sultan, A. A., Humes, D. J., and West, J., Risk of acute appendicitis in and around pregnancy: a population-based cohort study from England, Ann Surg, vol. 261, pp. 332-7, 2015.
F. Zingone, A. Sultan, A., Crooks, C. J., Tata, L. J., Ciacci, C., and West, J., The risk of community-acquired pneumonia among 9803 patients with coeliac disease compared to the general population: a cohort study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 44, pp. 57-67, 2016.
C. S. Zin, Chen, L. C., and Knaggs, R. D., Changes in trends and pattern of strong opioid prescribing in primary care, Eur J Pain, vol. 18, pp. 1343-51, 2014.
E. H. Zhou, Gelperin, K., Levenson, M. S., Rose, M., Hsueh, Y. H., and Graham, D. J., Risk of acute myocardial infarction, stroke, or death in patients initiating olmesartan or other angiotensin receptor blockers - a cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 23, pp. 340-7, 2014.
Z. Zhou, Althin, R., Sforzolini, B. S., and Dhawan, R., Persistency and treatment failure in newly diagnosed open angle glaucoma patients in the United Kingdom, Br J Ophthalmol, vol. 88, pp. 1391-4, 2004.
V. W. Zhong, Juhaeri, J., and Mayer-Davis, E. J., Trends in Hospital Admission for Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Adults With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in England, 1998-2013: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Diabetes Care, vol. 41, pp. 1870-1877, 2018.
V. W. Zhong, Juhaeri, J., Cole, S. R., Kontopantelis, E., Shay, C. M., Gordon-Larsen, P., and Mayer-Davis, E. J., Incidence and Trends in Hypoglycemia Hospitalization in Adults With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in England, 1998-2013: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Diabetes Care, vol. 40, pp. 1651-1660, 2017.
V. W. Zhong, Juhaeri, J., Cole, S. R., Shay, C. M., Gordon-Larsen, P., Kontopantelis, E., and Mayer-Davis, E. J., Proximal HbA1C Level and First Hypoglycemia Hospitalization in Adults with Incident Type 2 Diabetes, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2019.
B. Zhang, de Vries, F., Setakis, E., and van Staa, T. P., The pattern of risk of myocardial infarction in patients taking asthma medication: a study with the General Practice Research Database, J Hypertens, vol. 27, pp. 1485-92, 2009.
S. S. Zghebi, Rutter, M. K., Ashcroft, D. M., Salisbury, C., Mallen, C., Chew-Graham, C. A., Reeves, D., van Marwijk, H., Qureshi, N., Weng, S., Peek, N., Planner, C., Nowakowska, M., Mamas, M., and Kontopantelis, E., Using electronic health records to quantify and stratify the severity of type 2 diabetes in primary care in England: rationale and cohort study design, BMJ Open, vol. 8, p. e020926, 2018.
S. S. Zghebi, Steinke, D. T., Rutter, M. K., Emsley, R. A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Comparative risk of major cardiovascular events associated with second-line antidiabetic treatments: a retrospective cohort study using UK primary care data linked to hospitalization and mortality records, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 18, pp. 916-24, 2016.
S. S. Zghebi, Steinke, D. T., Carr, M. J., Rutter, M. K., Emsley, R. A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Examining trends in type 2 diabetes incidence, prevalence and mortality in the UK between 2004 and 2014, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 19, pp. 1537-1545, 2017.
D. Zenner, Kruijshaar, M. E., Andrews, N., and Abubakar, I., Risk of tuberculosis in pregnancy: a national, primary care-based cohort and self-controlled case series study, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol. 185, pp. 779-84, 2012.
F. Zaccardi, Husemoen, L. L. Nystrup, Thorsted, B. L., Webb, D. R., Paul, S. K., Davies, M. J., and Khunti, K., Selectivity of beta-blockers, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in people with hypoglycaemia: An observational study, Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, vol. 29, pp. 481-488, 2019.
Y
N. Yurgin, Secnik, K., and Lage, M. J., Obesity and the use of insulin: a study of patients with type 2 diabetes in the UK, J Diabetes Complications, vol. 22, pp. 235-40, 2008.
O. Yu, Azoulay, L., Yin, H., Filion, K. B., and Suissa, S., Sulfonylureas as Initial Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes and the Risk of Severe Hypoglycemia, Am J Med, vol. 131, pp. 317.e11-317.e22, 2018.
O. H. Yu, Filion, K. B., Azoulay, L., Patenaude, V., Majdan, A., and Suissa, S., Incretin-based drugs and the risk of congestive heart failure, Diabetes Care, vol. 38, pp. 277-84, 2015.
O. H. Yu, Yin, H., and Azoulay, L., The combination of DPP-4 inhibitors versus sulfonylureas with metformin after failure of first-line treatment in the risk for major cardiovascular events and death, Can J Diabetes, vol. 39, pp. 383-9, 2015.
J. Yu, Tang, J., Li, Z., Sajjan, S., O'Regan, C., Modi, A., and Sazonov, V., History of cardiovascular events and cardiovascular risk factors among patients initiating strontium ranelate for treatment of osteoporosis, Int J Womens Health, vol. 7, pp. 913-8, 2015.
D. Yu, Jordan, K. P., Bedson, J., Englund, M., Blyth, F., Turkiewicz, A., Prieto-Alhambra, D., and Peat, G., Population trends in the incidence and initial management of osteoarthritis: age-period-cohort analysis of the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, 1992-2013, Rheumatology (Oxford), vol. 56, pp. 1902-1917, 2017.
D. Yu, Jordan, K. P., and Peat, G., Underrecording of osteoarthritis in United Kingdom primary care electronic health record data, Clin Epidemiol, vol. 10, pp. 1195-1201, 2018.
D. Yu, Jordan, K. P., Snell, K. I. E., Riley, R. D., Bedson, J., Edwards, J. J., Mallen, C. D., Tan, V., Ukachukwu, V., Prieto-Alhambra, D., Walker, C., and Peat, G., Development and validation of prediction models to estimate risk of primary total hip and knee replacements using data from the UK: two prospective open cohorts using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Ann Rheum Dis, 2018.
J. P. Yska, van Roon, E. N., de Boer, A., Leufkens, H. G., Wilffert, B., de Heide, L. J., de Vries, F., and Lalmohamed, A., Remission of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients After Different Types of Bariatric Surgery: A Population-Based Cohort Study in the United Kingdom, JAMA Surg, vol. 150, pp. 1126-33, 2015.
G. J. Young, Harrison, S., Turner, E. L., Walsh, E. I., Oliver, S. E., Ben-Shlomo, Y., Evans, S., Lane, J. A., Neal, D. E., Hamdy, F. C., Donovan, J. L., Martin, R. M., and Metcalfe, C., Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing of men in UK general practice: a 10-year longitudinal cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e017729, 2017.
M. Yong, Schoonen, W. M., Li, L., Kanas, G., Coalson, J., Mowat, F., Fryzek, J., and Kaye, J. A., Epidemiology of paediatric immune thrombocytopenia in the General Practice Research Database, Br J Haematol, vol. 149, pp. 855-64, 2010.
T. A. Yates, Tomlinson, L. A., Bhaskaran, K., Langan, S., Thomas, S., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I. J., Lansoprazole use and tuberculosis incidence in the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink: A population based cohort, PLoS Med, vol. 14, p. e1002457, 2017.
E. A. Yanni, Ferreira, G., Guennec, M., Y. Hahi, E., A. Ghachi, E., Haguinet, F., Espie, E., and Bianco, V., Burden of herpes zoster in 16 selected immunocompromised populations in England: a cohort study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink 2000-2012, BMJ Open, vol. 8, p. e020528, 2018.
B. Yang, Hagberg, K. W., Chen, J., Sahasrabuddhe, V. V., Graubard, B. I., Jick, S., and McGlynn, K. A., Associations of antibiotic use with risk of primary liver cancer in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Cancer, vol. 115, pp. 85-9, 2016.
B. Yang, Petrick, J. L., Chen, J., Hagberg, K. W., Sahasrabuddhe, V. V., Graubard, B. I., Jick, S., and McGlynn, K. A., Associations of NSAID and paracetamol use with risk of primary liver cancer in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Cancer Epidemiol, vol. 43, pp. 105-11, 2016.
Y. X. Yang, Hennessy, S., and Lewis, J. D., Insulin therapy and colorectal cancer risk among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, Gastroenterology, vol. 127, pp. 1044-50, 2004.
Y. X. Yang, Hennessy, S., and Lewis, J. D., Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk of colorectal cancer, Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, vol. 3, pp. 587-94, 2005.
Y. X. Yang, Hennessy, S., Propert, K., Hwang, W. T., Sedarat, A., and Lewis, J. D., Chronic proton pump inhibitor therapy and the risk of colorectal cancer, Gastroenterology, vol. 133, pp. 748-54, 2007.
Y. X. Yang, Hennessy, S., Propert, K., Hwang, W. T., Sarkar, M., and Lewis, J. D., Chronic statin therapy and the risk of colorectal cancer, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 17, pp. 869-76, 2008.
C. C. Yang, Jick, S. S., and Jick, H., Statins and the risk of idiopathic venous thromboembolism, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 53, pp. 101-5, 2002.
C. C. Yang, Jick, S. S., and Jick, H., Lipid-lowering drugs and the risk of depression and suicidal behavior, Arch Intern Med, vol. 163, pp. 1926-32, 2003.
C. C. Yang, Jick, S. S., and Testa, M. A., Discontinuation and switching of therapy after initiation of lipid-lowering drugs: the effects of comorbidities and patient characteristics, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 56, pp. 84-91, 2003.
C. C. Yang, Jick, S. S., and Testa, M. A., Who receives lipid-lowering drugs: the effects of comorbidities and patient characteristics on treatment initiation, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 55, pp. 288-98, 2003.
W
K. M. Wyatt, Dimmock, P. W., Frischer, M., Jones, P. W., and O'Brien, S. P., Prescribing patterns in premenstrual syndrome, BMC Womens Health, vol. 2, p. 4, 2002.
K. E. Wurst, Punekar, Y. S., and Shukla, A., Treatment evolution after COPD diagnosis in the UK primary care setting, PLoS One, vol. 9, p. e105296, 2014.
K. E. Wurst, Shukla, A., Muellerova, H., and Davis, K. J., Respiratory pharmacotherapy use in patients newly diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a primary care setting in the UK: a retrospective cohort study, Copd, vol. 11, pp. 521-30, 2014.
K. E. Wurst, Ephross, S. A., Loehr, J., Clark, D. W., and Guess, H. A., Evaluation of the General Practice Research Database congenital heart defects prevalence: comparison to United Kingdom national systems, Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol, vol. 79, pp. 309-16, 2007.
K. E. Wurst, Ephross, S. A., Loehr, J., Clark, D. W., and Guess, H. A., The utility of the general practice research database to examine selected congenital heart defects: a validation study, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 16, pp. 867-77, 2007.
J. W. Wu, Azoulay, L., Majdan, A., Boivin, J. F., Pollak, M., and Suissa, S., Long-Term Use of Long-Acting Insulin Analogs and Breast Cancer Incidence in Women With Type 2 Diabetes, J Clin Oncol, vol. 35, pp. 3647-3653, 2017.
T. Wrigley, Tinto, A., and Majeed, A., Age and sex specific antibiotic prescribing patterns in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 to 1998., Health Stat Q, vol. 14, pp. 14-20, 2002.
E. Wright, Schofield, P. T., Seed, P., and Molokhia, M., Bisphosphonates and risk of upper gastrointestinal cancer–a case control study using the General Practice Research Database (GPRD), PLoS One, vol. 7, p. e47616, 2012.
A. K. Wright, Kontopantelis, E., Emsley, R., Buchan, I., Sattar, N., Rutter, M. K., and Ashcroft, D. M., Life Expectancy and Cause-Specific Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study Quantifying Relationships in Ethnic Subgroups, Diabetes Care, vol. 40, pp. 338-345, 2017.
A. K. Wright, Kontopantelis, E., Emsley, R., Buchan, I. E., Mamas, M. A., Sattar, N., Ashcroft, D. M., and Rutter, M. K., Cardiovascular Risk and Risk Factor Management in Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study Assessing Sex Disparities, Circulation, 2019.
S. L. Wood, Jick, H., and Sauve, R., The risk of stillbirth in pregnancies before and after the onset of diabetes, Diabet Med, vol. 20, pp. 703-7, 2003.
[Page last reviewed 5 August 2019]