Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,400 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 February 2020) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


(PDF, 3MB, 197 pages)


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Author Title [ Type(Desc)] Year
Filters: Author is Hickman, M.  [Clear All Filters]
Journal Article
M. Frischer, Norwood, J., Heatlie, H., Millson, D., Lowdell, J., Hickman, M., Chapman, S., and Bashford, J., A comparison of trends in problematic drug misuse from two reporting systems, J Public Health Med, vol. 22, pp. 362-7, 2000.
M. Hickman, Steer, C., Tilling, K., Lim, A. G., Marsden, J., Millar, T., Strang, J., Telfer, M., Vickerman, P., and Macleod, J., The impact of buprenorphine and methadone on mortality: a primary care cohort study in the United Kingdom, Addiction, vol. 113, pp. 1461-1476, 2018.
C. D. Steer, Macleod, J., Tilling, K., Lim, A. G., Marsden, J., Millar, T., Strang, J., Telfer, M., Whitaker, H., Vickerman, P., and Hickman, M., The impact of opiate substitution treatment on mortality risk in drug addicts: a natural experiment study, Health Services and Delivery Research, vol. 7, no. 3, 2019.
J. Macleod, Steer, C., Tilling, K., Cornish, R., Marsden, J., Millar, T., Strang, J., and Hickman, M., Prescription of benzodiazepines, z-drugs, and gabapentinoids and mortality risk in people receiving opioid agonist treatment: Observational study based on the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Office for National Statistics death records, PLoS Med, vol. 16, p. e1002965, 2019.
R. Cornish, Macleod, J., Strang, J., Vickerman, P., and Hickman, M., Risk of death during and after opiate substitution treatment in primary care: prospective observational study in UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 341, p. c5475, 2010.
S. Rajaram, Steffey, A., Blak, B., Hickman, M., Christensen, H., and Caspard, H., Uptake of childhood influenza vaccine from 2012-2013 to 2014-2015 in the UK and the implications for high-risk children: a retrospective observational cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 6, p. e010625, 2016.
[Page last reviewed 5 February 2020]