Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,200 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 4 June 2019) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


(PDF, 3MB, 183 pages)


Export 2252 results:
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
A. M. Gallagher, Dedman, D., Padmanabhan, S., Leufkens, H. G. M., and de Vries, F., The accuracy of date of death recording in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink GOLD database in England compared with the Office for National Statistics death registrations, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2019.
C. Becker, Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., ACE inhibitor use and risk of cataract: a case-control analysis, Br J Ophthalmol, 2019.
K. D. Johnson, Lu, X., and Zhang, D., Adherence to hepatitis A and hepatitis B multi-dose vaccination schedules among adults in the United Kingdom: a retrospective cohort study, BMC Public Health, vol. 19, p. 404, 2019.
M. Gharbi, Drysdale, J. H., Lishman, H., Goudie, R., Molokhia, M., Johnson, A. P., Holmes, A. H., and Aylin, P., Antibiotic management of urinary tract infection in elderly patients in primary care and its association with bloodstream infections and all cause mortality: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 364, p. l525, 2019.
V. Palin, Molter, A., Belmonte, M., Ashcroft, D. M., White, A., Welfare, W., and Van Staa, T., Antibiotic prescribing for common infections in UK general practice: variability and drivers, J Antimicrob Chemother, 2019.
P. Kasteridis, Ride, J., Gutacker, N., Aylott, L., Dare, C., Doran, T., Gilbody, S., Goddard, M., Gravelle, H., Kendrick, T., Mason, A., Rice, N., Siddiqi, N., Williams, R., and Jacobs, R., Association Between Antipsychotic Polypharmacy and Outcomes for People With Serious Mental Illness in England, Psychiatr Serv, p. appips201800504, 2019.
J. Vavanikunnel, Charlier, S., Becker, C., Schneider, C., Jick, S. S., Meier, C. R., and Meier, C., Association between glycemic control and risk of fracture in diabetic patients: A nested case-control study, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2019.
G. Nakafero, Grainge, M. J., Myles, P. R., Mallen, C. D., Zhang, W., Doherty, M., Nguyen-Van-Tam, J. S., and Abhishek, A., Association between inactivated influenza vaccine and primary care consultations for autoimmune rheumatic disease flares: a self-controlled case series study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Ann Rheum Dis, 2019.
F. Montastruc, Nie, R., Loo, S., Rej, S., Dell'Aniello, S., Micallef, J., Suissa, S., and Renoux, C., Association of Aripiprazole With the Risk for Psychiatric Hospitalization, Self-harm, or Suicide, JAMA Psychiatry, 2019.
O. A. Oshagbemi, Franssen, F. M. E., van Kraaij, S., Braeken, D. C. W., Wouters, E. F. M., van der Zee, A. H. Maitlan, Driessen, J. H. M., and de Vries, F., Blood Eosinophil Counts, Withdrawal of Inhaled Corticosteroids and Risk of COPD Exacerbations and Mortality in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), Copd, pp. 1-8, 2019.
H. Strongman, Brown, A., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Body mass index and Hodgkin's lymphoma: UK population-based cohort study of 5.8 million individuals, Br J Cancer, vol. 120, pp. 768-770, 2019.
H. Strongman, Brown, A., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Body mass index and Hodgkin's lymphoma: UK population-based cohort study of 5.8 million individuals, Br J Cancer, 2019.
S. Y. Loo, Azoulay, L., Nie, R., Dell'Aniello, S., Yu, O. H. Y., and Renoux, C., Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular safety of testosterone replacement therapy among aging men with low testosterone levels: a cohort study., Am J Med, 2019.
A. K. Wright, Kontopantelis, E., Emsley, R., Buchan, I. E., Mamas, M. A., Sattar, N., Ashcroft, D. M., and Rutter, M. K., Cardiovascular Risk and Risk Factor Management in Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study Assessing Sex Disparities, Circulation, 2019.
A. V. Gayle, Axson, E. L., Bloom, C. I., Navaratnam, V., and Quint, J. K., Changing causes of death for patients with chronic respiratory disease in England, 2005-2015, Thorax, 2019.
S. V. Ramagopalan, Carroll, R., Ulvestad, M., Mehmud, F., and Alikhan, R., The changing face of venous thromboembolism management in England, Future Cardiol, 2019.
S. Menon, Nightingale, P., and Trudgill, N., Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and the Risk of Esophagitis, Barrett Esophagus, and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma: A Primary Care Case-Control Study, J Clin Gastroenterol, 2019.
V. Kuan, Denaxas, S., A Izquierdo, G. -, Direk, K., Bhatti, O., Husain, S., Sutaria, S., Hingorani, M., Nitsch, D., Parisinos, C. A., Lumbers, T., Mathur, R., Sofat, R., Casas, J. P., Wong, I. C. K., Hemingway, H., and Hingorani, A. D., A chronological map of 308 physical and mental health conditions from 4 million individuals in the English National Health Service, The Lancet Digital Health, 2019.
R. Persson and Jick, S., Clinical implications of the association between fluoroquinolones and tendon rupture: the magnitude of the effect with and without corticosteroids, Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2019.
L. Fiaschi, Nelson-Piercy, C., Deb, S., King, R., and Tata, L. J., Clinical management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum across primary and secondary care: a population based study, Bjog, 2019.
F. Nissen, Douglas, I. J., Mullerova, H., Pearce, N., Bloom, C. I., Smeeth, L., and Quint, J. K., Clinical profile of predefined asthma phenotypes in a large cohort of UK primary care patients (Clinical Practice Research Datalink), J Asthma Allergy, vol. 12, pp. 7-19, 2019.
A. Dregan, Matcham, F., Harber-Aschan, L., Rayner, L., Brailean, A., Davis, K., Hatch, S., Pariante, C., Armstrong, D., Stewart, R., and Hotopf, M., Common mental disorders within chronic inflammatory disorders: a primary care database prospective investigation, Ann Rheum Dis, 2019.
S. Suissa, Dell'Aniello, S., and Ernst, P., Comparative effectiveness and safety of LABA-LAMA versus LABA-ICS treatment of COPD in real world clinical practice, Chest, 2019.
A. Wolf, Dedman, D., Campbell, J., Booth, H., Lunn, D., Chapman, J., and Myles, P., Data resource profile: Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) Aurum, Int J Epidemiol, 2019.
C. S. Arhi, Markar, S., Burns, E. M., Bouras, G., Bottle, A., Hanna, G., Aylin, P., Ziprin, P., and Darzi, A., Delays in referral from primary care are associated with a worse survival in patients with esophagogastric cancer, Dis Esophagus, 2019.
S. Harmala, O'Brien, A., Parisinos, C. A., Direk, K., Shallcross, L., and Hayward, A., Development and validation of a prediction model to estimate the risk of liver cirrhosis in primary care patients with abnormal liver blood test results: protocol for an electronic health record study in Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Diagn Progn Res, vol. 3, p. 10, 2019.
D. Yu, Jordan, K. P., Snell, K. I. E., Riley, R. D., Bedson, J., Edwards, J. J., Mallen, C. D., Tan, V., Ukachukwu, V., Prieto-Alhambra, D., Walker, C., and Peat, G., Development and validation of prediction models to estimate risk of primary total hip and knee replacements using data from the UK: two prospective open cohorts using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Ann Rheum Dis, vol. 78, pp. 91-99, 2019.
N. Conrad, Judge, A., Canoy, D., Tran, J., O'Donnell, J., Nazarzadeh, M., Salimi-Khorshidi, G., Hobbs, F. D. R., Cleland, J. G., McMurray, J. J. V., and Rahimi, K., Diagnostic tests, drug prescriptions, and follow-up patterns after incident heart failure: A cohort study of 93,000 UK patients, PLoS Med, vol. 16, p. e1002805, 2019.
D. Stolz, Kostikas, K., Loefroth, E., Fogel, R., Gutzwiller, F. S., Conti, V., Cao, H., and Clemens, A., Differences in COPD exacerbation risk between women and men: analysis from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink data, Chest, 2019.
S. V. Ramagopalan, Graham, S., Carroll, R., Raluy-Callado, M., Nordstrom, B. L., Donaldson, R., Colby, C., Mehmud, F., and Alikhan, R., Discontinuation and primary care visits in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients treated with apixaban or warfarin, J Comp Eff Res, 2019.
I. Karp, Sivaswamy, A., and Booth, C., Does the use of incretin-based medications increase the risk of cancer in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus?, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2019.
Y. Tao and Fu, H., Doubly robust estimation of the weighted average treatment effect for a target population, Stat Med, vol. 38, pp. 315-325, 2019.
A. Jaggi, Nazir, J., Fatoye, F., Siddiqui, E., Choudhury, N., Argoubi, R., Ali, M., de Ridder, D., and Drake, M. J., Drug utilization patterns and healthcare resource use and costs in patients with neurogenic bladder in the United Kingdom: A retrospective primary care database study, Neurourol Urodyn, 2019.
M. L. Henry, Abdul-Sultan, A., Walker, A. J., West, J., and Humes, D. J., Duration and Magnitude of Postoperative Risk of Venous Thromboembolism after Cholecystectomy: A Population-Based Cohort Study, Dig Surg, pp. 1-7, 2019.
O. M. Moussa, Ardissino, M., Kulatilake, P., Faraj, A., Muttoni, E., Darzi, A., Ziprin, P., Scholtz, S., and Purkayastha, S., Effect of body mass index on depression in a UK cohort of 363 037 obese patients: A longitudinal analysis of transition, Clin Obes, p. e12305, 2019.
M. J. Cook, Sorial, A. K., Lunt, M., Board, T. N., and O'Neill, T. W., Effect of timing and duration of statin exposure on risk of hip or knee revision arthroplasty: a population-based cohort study, J Rheumatol, 2019.
M. C. Gulliford, Prevost, A. T., Charlton, J., Juszczyk, D., Soames, J., McDermott, L., Sultana, K., Wright, M., Fox, R., Hay, A. D., Little, P., Moore, M. V., Yardley, L., and Ashworth, M., Effectiveness and safety of electronically delivered prescribing feedback and decision support on antibiotic use for respiratory illness in primary care: REDUCE cluster randomised trial, Bmj, vol. 364, p. l236, 2019.
K. Mattishent, Richardson, K., Dhatariya, K., Savva, G. M., Fox, C., and Loke, Y. K., The effects of hypoglycemia and dementia on cardiovascular events, falls and fractures and all-cause mortality in older people - a retrospective cohort study, Diabetes Obes Metab, 2019.
M. C. Gulliford, Juszczyk, D., Prevost, A. T., Soames, J., McDermott, L., Sultana, K., Wright, M., Fox, R., Hay, A. D., Little, P., Moore, M., Yardley, L., Ashworth, M., and Charlton, J., Electronically delivered interventions to reduce antibiotic prescribing for respiratory infections in primary care: cluster RCT using electronic health records and cohort study, Health Technol Assess, vol. 23, pp. 1-70, 2019.
R. Ferguson, Culliford, D., Prieto-Alhambra, D., Pinedo-Villanueva, R., Delmestri, A., Arden, N., and Bowen, C., Encounters for foot and ankle pain in UK primary care: a population-based cohort study of CPRD data, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e422-e429, 2019.
K. J. Roberts, Bannister, C. A., and Schrem, H., Enzyme replacement improves survival among patients with pancreatic cancer: Results of a population based study, Pancreatology, vol. 19, pp. 114-121, 2019.
L. Horne, Ashfaq, A., MacLachlan, S., Sinsakul, M., Qin, L., LoCasale, R., and Wetmore, J. B., Epidemiology and health outcomes associated with hyperkalemia in a primary care setting in England, BMC Nephrol, vol. 20, p. 85, 2019.
C. Marley, Y. Hahi, E., Ferreira, G., Woods, L., and A. Villaescusa, R., Evaluation of a risk score to predict future Clostridium difficile disease using UK primary care and hospital data in Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Hum Vaccin Immunother, pp. 1-7, 2019.
R. M. Joseph, van Staa, T. P., Lunt, M., Abrahamowicz, M., and Dixon, W. G., Exposure measurement error when assessing current glucocorticoid use using UK primary care electronic prescription data, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 28, pp. 179-186, 2019.
M. H. Secrest, Platt, R. W., Dormuth, C. R., Chateau, D., Targownik, L., Nie, R., Doyle, C. M., Dell'Aniello, S., and Filion, K. B., Extreme restriction design as a method for reducing confounding by indication in pharmacoepidemiologic research, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2019.
A. Bottle, Kim, D., Hayhoe, B., Majeed, A., Aylin, P., Clegg, A., and Cowie, M. R., Frailty and comorbidity predict first hospitalisation after heart failure diagnosis in primary care: population-based observational study in England, Age Ageing, 2019.
C. Rebordosa, Plana, E., Aguado, J., Thomas, S., Garcia-Gil, E., Perez-Gutthann, S., and Castellsague, J., GOLD assessment of COPD severity in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 28, pp. 126-133, 2019.
C. D. Steer, Macleod, J., Tilling, K., Lim, A. G., Marsden, J., Millar, T., Strang, J., Telfer, M., Whitaker, H., Vickerman, P., and Hickman, M., Health Services and Delivery Research, in The impact of opiate substitution treatment on mortality risk in drug addicts: a natural experiment study, Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library Copyright (c) Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO 2019. This work was produced by Steer et al. under the terms of a commissioning contract issued by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care. This issue may be freely repro, 2019.
L. Harris, Graham, S., MacLachlan, S., Exuzides, A., and Jacob, S., Healthcare resource utilization by patients with treatment-refractory myasthenia gravis in England, J Med Econ, pp. 1-7, 2019.
R. E. Ghosh, Crellin, E., Beatty, S., Donegan, K., Myles, P., and Williams, R., How Clinical Practice Research Datalink data are used to support pharmacovigilance, Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety, 2019.
[Page last reviewed 6 June 2019]